All the forecasters here have degrees in metorology. This requires at least 4 years of college. There are only 3 meteorological technicians without degrees and the prospect of getting a meteorological technician job is very small. We sometimes have students, who are still attending college, work here for about three months in the summer.
Employment information in NOAA can be obtained from NOAA Human Resources.
Search NOAA Current Job Openings for a list of jobs in each state.