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Area Forecast Discussion
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000
FXUS61 KCAR 301118
AFDCAR

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CARIBOU ME
618 AM EST FRI JAN 30 2015

.SYNOPSIS...
LOW PRESSURE IN QUEBEC AND NEW YORK STATE WILL RE-DEVELOP IN THE
GULF OF MAINE TODAY. THE LOW WILL MOVE TO NEAR THE SOUTHER TIP OF
NOVA SCOTIA EARLY SATURDAY MORNING AND SLOWLY MOVE ACROSS THE
MARITIMES THIS WEEKEND. HIGH PRESSURE WILL BUILD SLOWLY TOWARD
NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND SUNDAY INTO MONDAY. LOW PRESSURE WILL PASS
SOUTH OF THE REGION MONDAY.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
618 AM UPDATE...THE BEST PRESSURE FALLS OVER THE PAST SEVERAL
HOURS HAVE BEEN IN THE VCNTY OF CAPE COD. LOW PRES IS JUST WEST OF
THE ST LAWRENCE RIVER WITH A TROUGH EXTENDING SOUTH INTO NY STATE.
THE ENERGY WILL TRANSFER TO THE AREA OF GREATEST PRESSURE FALLS
ALONG THE SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND COAST LATER THIS MORNING. AREAS OF
LIGHT SNOW ARE SPREADING EAST THIS MORNING WITH LIGHT SNOW BEING
REPORTED AS FAR NORTH AND EAST AS CARIBOU AS OF 6 AM. THE SNOW IS
EXPECTED TO BE LIGHT THIS MORNING...BUT WILL PICK UP IN INTENSITY
THIS AFTERNOON AS THE COASTAL LOW TAKES SHAPE AND AN INVERTED SFC
TROUGH STRETCHES BACK ACROSS THE WESTERN HALF OF THE CWA. ONLY
SOME MINOR TWEAKS TO THE ONGOING FORECAST BASED ON THE LATEST
OBSERVATIONS AND RADAR TRENDS.

PREVIOUS DISCUSSION...
LOW PRESSURE EXTENDS FROM CENTRAL QUEBEC SOUTH INTO NY STATE EARLY
THIS MORNING. THE LOW WILL MOVE EAST AND WEAKEN AS THE ENERGY
GETS TRANSFERED TO THE SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND COAST BY AROUND MIDDAY
AS DIFFLUENT FLOW ALOFT DEVELOPS AHEAD OF THE MID AND UPPER LEVEL
LOW THAT WILL BE MOVING ACROSS THE EASTERN GREAT LAKES TODAY. AS
THE OCEAN LOW DEEPENS THIS AFTERNOON AN INVERTED SFC TROUGH WILL
EXTEND FROM THE CENTRAL GULF OF MAINE INTO CENTRAL PORTIONS OF THE
CWA. THE LOW WILL CONTINUE TO DEEPEN TONIGHT AT IT LIFTS UP TO THE
SOUTHERN TIP OF NOVA SCOTIA BY 12Z SAT.

LIGHT SNOW ASSOCIATED WITH THE INCOMING LOW WILL SPREAD FROM WEST TO 
EAST ACROSS THE CWA THIS MORNING. AS THE OCEAN LOW DEVELOPS AN 
INVERTED SFC TROUGH WILL PROVIDE THE FOCUS FOR GOOD LOW LEVEL 
CONVERGENCE AND LIKELY SOME AREAS OF HEAVIER SNOW FROM SOUTHERN
PENOBSCOT COUNTY NORTH THROUGH PISCATAQUIS COUNTY. SEVERAL INCHES
OF SNOW WILL LIKELY ACCUMULATE IN THESE AREAS THIS AFTERNOON.
AMOUNTS WILL BE LESS TO THE EAST TOWARD THE NEW BRUNSWICK BORDER.

AS THE LOW WRAPS UP TONIGHT AND BECOMES MORE SYMMETRICAL THE
FOCUS WILL QUICKLY SHIFT FROM AN INVERTED SURFACE TROUGH TO A
DEFORMATION ZONE THAT WILL SHIFT THE AXIS OF HEAVIER SNOWFALL
TOWARD THE NEW BRUNSWICK BORDER. MESO SCALE BANDS ARE EXPECTED TO
DEVELOP THAT MAY PRODUCE SOME LOCALLY VERY HEFTY SNOWFALL RATES.
AS THE LOW DEEPENS AND THE PRESSURE GRADIENT TIGHTENS AREAS OF
BLOWING AND DRIFTING SNOW WILL DEVELOP LATE TONIGHT.

THE MAIN UPDATE TO THESE FORECAST PERIODS WAS TO INTRODUCE AREAS
OF HEAVY SNOW THIS AFTERNOON INTO TONIGHT. THE QPF AND 6 HOUR
SNOWFALL GRIDS WERE ALSO BUMPED UP A BIT ACROSS CENTRAL AND
EASTERN PARTS OF THE CWA.

&&

.SHORT TERM /SATURDAY/...
SNOWY FOR THE FIRST HALF OF THE WEEKEND...THEN TURNING COLDER.
SURFACE LOW PRESSURE WILL BE CENTERED OVER NOVA SCOTIA SATURDAY
MORNING WHILE THE UPPER TROUGH WILL BECOME NEGATIVELY TILTED WHILE
FORMING A CLOSED LOW. EXPECT A BAND OF MODERATE TO HEAVY SNOW WILL
BE ONGOING ACROSS EASTERN MAINE AS MOISTURE WRAPPING AROUND THE
SURFACE SYSTEM COMBINES WITH STRONG FORCING ALOFT. SNOWFALL RATES
OF 1 TO 2 INCHES PER HOUR WILL BE POSSIBLE, ESPECIALLY DURING THE
MORNING HOURS. THE LOW WILL GRADUALLY SHIFT EASTWARD THROUGH THE
DAY, ALLOWING THE BEST MOISTURE CONVERGENCE AND DYNAMICS TO EXIT
INTO NEW BRUNSWICK BY SATURDAY EVENING. AS SUCH, THE SNOW WILL
GRADUALLY LESSEN IN INTENSITY AS IT ENDS FROM WEST TO EAST
SATURDAY LATE SATURDAY AFTERNOON AND EVENING. OVERALL, EXPECT
SNOWFALL AMOUNTS TO BE IN THE 10 TO 18 INCH RANGE, WITH HIGHER
AMOUNTS POSSIBLE WHEREVER THE DEFORMATION BAND SETS UP.

THE OTHER CONCERN WITH THIS SYSTEM WILL BE SIGNIFICANT BLOWING AND 
DRIFTING SNOW. WINDS WILL INCREASE DRAMATICALLY SATURDAY AS THE 
PRESSURE GRADIENT TIGHTENS IN RESPONSE TO THE DEEPENING LOW AND THE 
APPROACH OF HIGH PRESSURE TO OUR NORTHWEST. GUSTS TO 35 MPH WILL BE 
POSSIBLE, AND WITH PLENTY OF NEW LIGHT AND FLUFFY SNOW TO BECOME 
LOFTED, TRAVEL WILL LIKELY BECOME VERY DIFFICULT DUE TO SNOW-DRIFT-
COVERED ROADS AND PERIODS OF NEAR ZERO VISIBILITY. ALTHOUGH THE 
WINDS WILL LESSEN SOMEWHAT SATURDAY NIGHT, THERE WILL STILL BE 
ENOUGH FLOW TO KEEP THE THREAT OF BLOWING AND DRIFTING SNOW, 
ESPECIALLY IN OPEN AREAS. 

THE AFOREMENTIONED HIGH WILL BRING A MUCH COLDER AIRMASS TO THE 
REGION. SATURDAY'S HIGHS WILL LIKELY BE EARLY IN THE DAY, ESPECIALLY 
ACROSS NORTHERN MAINE WHERE TEMPERATURES WILL FALL THROUGH THE 
SINGLE DIGITS DURING THE AFTERNOON. JUST ABOUT EVERYBODY WILL DROP 
BELOW ZERO SATURDAY NIGHT, WITH THE EXCEPTION BEING COASTAL AREAS 
WHICH WILL BARELY STAY ON THE POSITIVE SIDE. THINGS WON'T IMPROVE 
MUCH ON SUNDAY IN SPITE OF PLENTY OF SUNSHINE. HIGHS WILL TOP OUT 
AROUND ZERO OVER OUR NORTHERN LOCATIONS, WHILE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN 
MAINE WILL SEE HIGHS OF 5 TO 15 DEGREES. HOWEVER, WINDS WILL REMAIN 
A BIT ON THE BREEZY SIDE BOTH SATURDAY NIGHT AND SUNDAY, WHICH MEANS 
WIND CHILLS WILL DEFINITELY BE A FACTOR. ADDITIONAL HEADLINES FOR 
WIND CHILL ADVISORIES WILL LIKELY BE NEEDED FOR THE LATTER HALF OF 
THE WEEKEND. THIS WIND ALSO MEANS SOME BLOWING SNOW COULD CONTINUE 
INTO SUNDAY.

&&

.LONG TERM /SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY/...
WE'LL SEE A BITTERLY COLD START TO THE WORK WEEK AS ARCTIC HIGH
PRESSURE BUILDS ACROSS THE REGION. MANY AREAS WILL NOT WARM ABOVE
ZERO ON MONDAY; EVEN THOSE PLACES THAT DO (MAINLY DOWNEAST) WILL
NOT BREAK INTO DOUBLE DIGITS. THE LONGER-RANGE MODELS CONTINUE TO
INDICATE THAT THIS HIGH PRESSURE WILL KEEP A STRONG LOW PRESSURE
SYSTEM SHUNTED WELL TO OUR SOUTH MONDAY AND MONDAY NIGHT, WITH
PERHAPS JUST A BIT OF SNOW BRUSHING THE COAST. MONDAY NIGHT'S LOWS
WILL BE VERY COLD, RANGING FROM -10F ALONG THE COAST TO -25F IN
THE SAINT JOHN VALLEY. THIS COLD KEEPS HOLD THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT
AS HIGH PRESSURE STRENGTHENS ITS HOLD OVER THE EASTERN UNITED
STATES. MODELS THEN BEGIN TO DIVERGE IN THEIR HANDLING OF THE NEXT
SYSTEM. A SHARPENING UPPER TROUGH WILL CROSS SOUTHERN CANADA WHILE
SURFACE LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPS SOMEWHERE OVER THE MID-ATLANTIC OR
SOUTHEAST UNITED STATES. THE MODELS DIFFER SIGNIFICANTLY WITH THE
AMOUNT OF PHASING BETWEEN THESE TWO SYSTEMS, AS WELL AS THE TIMING
OF A COLD FRONT AND THE TRACK OF THE SURFACE LOW.THE 30/00Z GFS IS
MUCH FASTER WITH THE LOW AND BRINGS THE POTENTIAL FOR MORE
SIGNIFICANT SNOWFALL TO DOWNEAST MAINE, WHILE THE 30/00Z ECMWF IS
MUCH SLOWER WITH THE LOW'S DEVELOPMENT. THIS MEANS THAT THE COLD
FRONT WILL HAVE TIME TO MOVE OUT OF CANADA AND OFF THE MAINE
COAST, WHICH WOULD KEEP THE LOW PUSHED WELL OUT TO SEA. THIS STORM
WILL NEED TO WATCHED CLOSELY UNTIL THE MODELS CAN COME TO BETTER
AGREEMENT.

&&

.AVIATION /10Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
NEAR TERM: CONDITIONS HAVE LOWERED TO MVFR EARLY THIS MORNING FROM
KHUL SOUTH AND WILL LOWER TO MVFR ACROSS THE REMAINDER OF NORTHERN
MAINE THIS MORNING. AS THE SNOW PICKS UP IN INTENSITY THIS
AFTERNOON THROUGH TONIGHT EXPECT IFR AND AREAS OF VLIFR.
SIGNIFICANT BLOWING AND DRIFTING OF THE SNOW EXPECTED BY SAT
MORNING.

SHORT TERM: IFR CONDITIONS WILL PREVAIL THROUGH SATURDAY, WITH
LIFR POSSIBLE AT TIMES IN HEAVY SNOW. CONDITIONS WILL IMPROVE
SOMEWHAT SATURDAY NIGHT AND SUNDAY AS HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN,
ENDING THE SNOW AND CLEARING SKIES. VFR SHOULD PREVAIL, BUT GUSTY
NORTH WINDS WILL KEEP THE THREAT OF BLOWING SNOW AND OCCASIONAL
IFR VISIBILITY THROUGH THE WEEKEND. WINDS WILL SUBSIDE ON MONDAY
AND TUESDAY, SO VFR IS EXPECTED. THERE IS THE POTENTIAL FOR SOME
SNOW IN BHB AND PERHAPS KBGR AND KHUL LATER MONDAY INTO MONDAY
NIGHT, WHICH WOULD MEAN THE CHANCE FOR MVFR/IFR CONDITIONS.

&&

.MARINE...
NEAR TERM: A GALE WARNING IS IN EFFECT STARTING AT 06Z TONIGHT.

SHORT TERM: THE GALE WATCH HAS BEEN UPGRADED TO A GALE WARNING
AND IS IN EFFECT FOR SATURDAY THROUGH EARLY SUNDAY MORNING. WINDS
WILL INCREASE OUT OF THE NORTH TO NORTHWEST SATURDAY MORNING AS
STRENGTHENING LOW PRESSURE CROSSES THE GULF OF MAINE. GUSTS UP TO
45 KT ARE LIKELY, WITH PERHAPS A FEW OCCASIONAL GUSTS UP TO 50 KT.
WINDS WILL ABATE SOMEWHAT ON SUNDAY, SO THE GALE WARNING MAY BE
ABLE TO EXPIRE THEN. HOWEVER, WINDS OF 20 TO 30 KT WILL STILL BE
POSSIBLE THROUGH THE END OF THE WEEKEND, SO A SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY
WILL LIKELY BE NEEDED FOR SUNDAY AND SUNDAY NIGHT.

&&

.CLIMATE...SO FAR THIS MONTH A TOTAL OF 31.2" OF SNOW HAS BEEN
OBSERVED AT BANGOR...WHICH MAKES IT THE 10TH SNOWIEST JANUARY ON
RECORD. THERE IS A HIGH LIKELIHOOD THAT THE STORM AFFECTING THE
AREA TODAY INTO SATURDAY WILL MOVE THE MONTHLY TOTAL OVER 40
INCHES AND INTO 3RD PLACE. THERE IS A CHANCE OF BREAKING THE ALL-
TIME RECORD OF 48.4" IF 17.3" OF SNOW FALL DURING THE STORM. 


&&

.CAR WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
ME...WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 10 PM EST SATURDAY FOR MEZ002-005-
     006-011-017-030-032.
     WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 4 PM EST SATURDAY FOR MEZ001-003-
     004-010-015-016-029-031.
MARINE...GALE WARNING FROM 1 AM SATURDAY TO 4 AM EST SUNDAY FOR 
     ANZ050>052.

&&

$$

NEAR TERM...CB
SHORT TERM...HASTINGS
LONG TERM...HASTINGS
AVIATION...CB/HASTINGS
MARINE...CB/HASTINGS
CLIMATE...CB



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