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Area Forecast Discussion
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000
FXUS61 KBOX 201458
AFDBOX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TAUNTON MA
958 AM EST SAT DEC 20 2014

.SYNOPSIS...
SCATTERED SNOW/RAIN SHOWERS WILL GRADUALLY OVERSPREAD THE REGION
FROM EAST TO WEST LATER TODAY INTO SUN. WEAK LOW PRESSURE WILL
PASS SOUTH OF NEW ENGLAND BRINGING ANOTHER PERIOD OF PRECIP MON
NIGHT AND TUE. A MUCH STRONGER STORM PASSING WEST OF NEW ENGLAND
WILL BRING HEAVY RAINFALL...GUSTY WINDS AND COASTAL FLOODING
CONCERNS TO THE REGION WED INTO WED EVENING. DRY BUT VERY WINDY
CONDITIONS FOLLOW FOR CHRISTMAS DAY INTO FRI.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL NOON TODAY/...
10 AM UPDATE...MADE MINOR UPDATES MAINLY TO THE WINDS AND POPS.
UPDATED WINDS USING THE RAP FOR ITS HIGHER DETAIL WITH THE COASTAL
FRONT THIS AFTERNOON. SNOW SHOWERS HAVE MOVED ASHORE IN PLYMOUTH
COUNTY AS WELL AS PORTIONS OF THE CAPE AND THE EASTERN END OF CAPE
ANN. EXPECT THESE TO CONTINUE OFF AND ON THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF
THE MORNING.  

SATELLITE IMAGERY SHOWS AN INTERESTING PATTERN. LOW CLOUDS MOVING
WESTWARD OFF THE OCEAN HAVE CREPT IN ALONG THE EAST COAST. THEN
ANOTHER AREA OF LOW CLOUDS HAVE MOVED NORTHWARD TOO ABOUT THE MASS
PIKE. NORTHWESTERN MASS SHOULD REMAIN MOSTLY SUNNY THROUGH THE
MORNING AND INTO THE AFTERNOON WHILE CLOUDS CONTINUE TO MOVE
WESTWARD ACROSS EASTERN MASSACHUSETTS.

&&

.SHORT TERM /NOON TODAY THROUGH 6 PM SUNDAY/...
THIS AFTERNOON AND TONIGHT...

INTERESTING MESOSCALE SETUP AS AN INVERTED TROUGH COMBINES WITH SOME 
OCEAN ENHANCEMENT.  APPROACHING UPPER LEVEL SHORTWAVE WILL ALLOW FOR 
EASTERLY FLOW JUST OFF THE GROUND.  THIS COMBINED WITH NORTHEAST 
SURFACE WINDS WILL ALLOW LOW LEVEL OF THE ATMOSPHERE TO MOISTEN.  
SOUNDINGS ACROSS EASTERN NEW ENGLAND BECOME SATURATED ALL THE WAY UP 
TO THE -9C LAYER JUST ABOVE 850 MB.  THIS IS FAVORABLE FOR SOME 
DECENT SNOW GROWTH...ITS JUST LOWER IN THE ATMOSPHERE THAN WE 
TYPICALLY SEE WITH MORE SYNOPTIC SNOW EVENTS.  WHILE THIS IS NOT A 
TRUE OCEAN EFFECT EVENT...DELTA T VALUES FROM THE MIXED LAYER TO THE 
OCEAN ARE AROUND 15C.  THEREFORE...EXPECT SOME OCEAN ENHANCEMENT.

TIMING:

WHILE FLURRIES/LIGHT SNOW SHOWERS MAY OCCUR ACROSS FAR SOUTHEAST NEW 
ENGLAND THIS MORNING.  THE MORE SUBSTANTIAL  PRECIPITATION SHOULD 
OVERSPREAD PLYMOUTH COUNTY AS WELL AS THE CAPE AND ISLANDS THIS 
AFTERNOON.  GIVEN EASTERLY FLOW JUST OFF THE GROUND...EXPECT SNOW 
SHOWERS TO OVERSPREAD MOST OF EASTERN NEW ENGLAND THIS EVENING AS 
LOW LEVELS MOISTEN.  IN FACT...SHOULD SEE AT LEAST SOME SCATTERED 
SNOW SHOWERS AFFECT EVEN OUR FAR WESTERN ZONES.

PTYPE:

MAINLY SNOW FOR ALL BUT PORTIONS OF COASTAL PLYMOUTH COUNTY AND ONTO 
THE CAPE/ISLANDS.  A SUBTLE COASTAL FRONT LOOKS TO SETUP ACROSS 
SOUTHEAST COASTAL PLYMOUTH COUNTY.  PTYPE WILL BE SNOW TO THE 
NORTHWEST OF THIS REGION...BUT ENOUGH MILD AIR SHOULD COME IN OFF 
THE OCEAN FOR A CHANGE TO RAIN SHOWERS SOUTHEAST OF THIS REGION.  
NOT EXPECTING THE POSITION OF THIS SUBTLE BOUNDARY TO CHANGE MUCH 
THROUGH SUNDAY MORNING.

SNOW ACCUMULATIONS: 

WE ARE GENERALLY LOOKING AT A COATING TO 2 INCHES OF SNOW ACROSS 
MOST OF THE REGION.  THE MAIN FOCUS FOR 1 TO 2 INCHES WILL BE ACROSS 
PORTIONS OF SOUTHEAST MA...AWAY FROM THE SOUTHEAST PLYMOUTH COUNTY 
COAST.  ALSO...THE WORCESTER HILLS INTO NORTHWEST RHODE ISLAND MIGHT 
BE ANOTHER AREA AS A RESULT OF THE SUBTLE UPSLOPE COMPONENT TO THE 
WIND.  YOU CAN ACTUALLY SEE THAT IN SOME OF THE HIGH RESOLUTION 
MODEL GUIDANCE.

THERE IS ONE AREA TO WATCH IN PARTICULAR...FROM NORTHWEST PLYMOUTH 
COUNTY AND INTO NORFOLK COUNTY BASED ON MESOSCALE MODELS AND PATTERN 
RECOGNITION.  WOULD NOT BE SURPRISED TO SEE VERY LOCALIZED 3 TO 4 
INCH SNOW AMOUNTS...GIVEN SOME OCEAN ENHANCEMENT AND A LITTLE FOCUS 
ON THE COASTAL FRONT.  WILL TRY TO HIGHLIGHT THIS AREA IN OUR 
SNOWFALL AND PROBABILISTIC  GRAPHICS.

SUNDAY...

SCATTERED SNOW SHOWERS WILL CONTINUE DURING THE MORNING WITH MOIST 
EASTERLY FLOW IN THE LOW LEVELS. AGAIN...PTYPE WILL BE SNOW EXCEPT 
ACROSS SOUTHEAST PLYMOUTH COUNTY/CAPE AND ISLANDS WHERE BOUNDARY 
LAYER WILL PROBABLY BE WARM ENOUGH FOR RAIN SHOWERS.  WHILE SOME 
LIGHT PRECIPITATION MAY LINGER INTO SUNDAY AFTERNOON...EXPECT A 
DECREASE IN AREAL COVERAGE THROUGH THE AFTERNOON AS LOW LEVEL LIFT 
WEAKENS.  IT WILL REMAIN CLOUDY THOUGH WITH TEMPS IN THE 30S.

&&

.LONG TERM /SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY/...
HIGHLIGHTS...

* INVERTED TROUGH WILL BRING RAIN/SNOW SHOWERS TO THE MASS EAST 
  COASTLINE MONDAY INTO TUES MORNING. 
* WEAK WAVE OF LOW PRESSURE MON NIGHT/TUESDAY COULD BRING WINTRY 
  MIX TO INTERIOR
* ANOMALOUS SYSTEM ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES WILL BRING HEAVY 
  RAIN...GUSTY WINDS AND COASTAL FLOODING CONCERNS AROUND CHRISTMAS 
  EVE

OVERVIEW...

OVERALL 00Z GUIDANCE IS IN AGREEMENT SYNOPTICALLY WITH ISSUES ON 
TIMING AND SMALLER SCALE FEATURES. IT REMAINS EVIDENT THAT AN 
AMPLIFIED MID-UPPER LEVEL TROUGH AND PCPN FOCUSING LEAD SURFACE 
LOW/FRONTAL SYSTEM WILL STEADILY PROGRESS TO THE EAST-CENTRAL U.S. 
TUE AS EMBEDDED IMPULSES DIG TO THE LEE OF AN AMPLIFIED ERN 
PACIFIC/WEST COAST RIDGE ALOFT. THE SUPPORTING AND INCREASINGLY 
NEGATIVE-TILT TROUGH ALOFT WORKS OVER THE ERN US AND OUT THROUGH THE 
NERN STATES INTO DAYS 4/5 WED/THU.  MODELS/ENSEMBLES HAVE BEEN 
FAIRLY CONSISTENT ON THIS AMPLIFIED PATTERN AND THE MOST RECENT 
GEFS/ECMWF ENSEMBLE GUIDANCE SHOW GOOD CORRELATION TO NEXT THURSDAY. 

HIGH PRESSURE AND UPPER LEVEL RIDGE OVER THE REGION WILL BEGIN TO 
EXIT BY MONDAY. AT THE SURFACE APPEARS ANOTHER INVERTED 
TROUGH/ONSHORE FLOW WILL YIELD TO PRECIP ALONG THE MASS COASTLINE ON 
MONDAY. ASIDE FROM THIS QUICK MESOSCALE EVENT THE MAIN FOCUS IS ON 
THE LONGWAVE DIGGING TROUGH OVER THE CENTRAL CONUS WHICH WILL PUSH A 
FEW SHORTWAVES THROUGH THE FLOW. FIRST ONE DEVELOPS A WEAK WAVE 
MOVING TOWARDS THE REGION LATE MONDAY INTO TUESDAY. THERE IS STILL 
SOME UNCERTAINTY WITH THE LOCATION/STRENGTH OF THIS SYSTEM BUT 
APPEARS THAT THERE IS THE POSSIBILITY OF A SNOW/WINTRY MIX IN THE 
INTERIOR. AS THIS SYSTEM DEPARTS AN ANOMALOUS LOW OVER THE GREAT 
LAKES WILL DEVELOP A SECONDARY LOW JUST WEST OF SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND 
     PER ENSEMBLE GUIDANCE. STILL A SOME SPREAD BUT IF THIS DOUBLE LOW 
DOES DEVELOP THEN THE RAIN AND WIND ASPECT OF THE SYSTEM 
INCREASES...DETAILS BELOW. STILL NEED TO WORK OUT MINOR DETAILS WITH 
THIS PARTICULAR SYSTEM BUT WITH 3 TO 4 STANDARD DEVIATIONS AWAY AND 
GENERAL MODEL AGREEMENT HAVE HIGH CONFIDENCE THIS SYSTEM WILL IMPACT 
SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. 

DETAILS...
 
SUNDAY NIGHT INTO TUESDAY...MODERATE CONFIDENCE.

HIGH PRESSURE AND UPPER LEVEL RIDGE WILL BEGIN TO MOVE OFFSHORE AS 
DIGGING TROUGH BEGINS TO SET-UP OVER THE CENTRAL CONUS. APPEARS 
ANOTHER MESO-SCALE INVERTED TROUGH WILL SET UP ON MONDAY AND LAST 
INTO EARLY TUESDAY MORNING. GUIDANCE SHOWS THAT RAIN/SNOW SHOWERS 
WILL DEVELOP ALONG THE MASS EAST COASTLINE THANKS TO ONSHORE 
EASTERLY FLOW. APPEARS THE COLUMN WILL SATURATE PER BUFKIT SOUNDINGS 
AND SOUTHERLY FLOW ALOFT. BOTH THE NAM AND GFS SHOW QPF MAKING IT 
ONSHORE DURING THIS TIME FRAME. HOWEVER THE EC IS SLIGHTLY SLOWER 
AND KEEP THE BULK OF THE PRECIP JUST OFFSHORE. ADD A CHANCE OF POPS 
DUE TO THE NAM/GFS MODEL CONTINUITY. 

BY LATE MONDAY NIGHT INTO TUESDAY A SOUTHERN BRANCH STORM SYSTEM 
FORMS ALONG THE SE COAST AND TAKES A TRACK OFF THE MID ATLANTIC 
COAST. THIS SYSTEM GETS CAUGHT UP WITH THE OVERALL LARGE SCALE 
AMPLIFICATION OF THE UPPER AIR PATTERN. THERE IS DECENT WARM 
ADVECTION WITH COLD AIR DAMMING ACROSS THE INTERIOR. BIGGEST 
QUESTION WILL BE IS THERE ENOUGH MOISTURE FOR PRECIP DURING THIS 
TIME FRAME. IF PRECIP OVERRUNS THEN COULD SEE FREEZING RAIN/DRIZZLE 
ACROSS THE INTERIOR LATE MONDAY INTO TUESDAY MORNING. DURING THE DAY 
ON TUESDAY...GOOD AMOUNT OF WARM AIR WILL PUSH SURFACE TEMPS ABOVE 
FREEZING ALLOWING FOR ANY PRECIP TO BE MORE OF THE LIQUID VARIETY 
AHEAD OF THE CHRISTMAS EVE STORM. HOWEVER GUIDANCE IS ALWAYS TOO 
FAST IN SCOURING TEMPS OUT ESP ACROSS THE CT VALLEY SO WE WILL NEED 
TO MONITOR THIS CLOSELY...ESP DUE TO LIGHT WINDS AND THE HIGH IN 
EASTERN CANADA. 

WE COULD ALSO SEE SOME MINOR COASTAL FLOODING CONCERNS ON TUESDAY. SEE 
BELOW FOR MORE DETAILS. 

WEDNESDAY INTO THURSDAY...HIGH CONFIDENCE IN SYSTEM LOW CONFIDENCE 
ON DETAILS. 

STRONG ANOMALOUS SYSTEM WILL STRENGTHEN OVER THE GREAT 
LAKES...DEVELOPING A POTENTIAL SECONDARY SURFACE LOW JUST WEST OF 
SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. STILL A LOT OF DETAILS TO WORK OUT AS THIS 
SYSTEM IS STILL 5 DAYS AWAY...HOWEVER ENSEMBLES CONTINUE TO SHOW 
STRONG AGREEMENT SO HAVE INCREASING CONFIDENCE THAT A POTENT STORM 
WILL OCCUR. LATEST 00Z GUIDANCE SHOWS THAT MOST PRECIP WILL BE 
LIQUID WITH A DEEP SUBTROPICAL CONNECTION BACK ACROSS THE GULF OF 
MEXICO...PW ANOMALIES FORECAST TO RISE BETWEEN +3 TO +4. CURRENT 
PWATS ARE PROGGED ABOVE 1.6 INCHES SO HAVE CONTINUED THE CATEGORICAL 
POPS. TEMPERATURES WILL BE WELL ABOVE AVERAGE...IN FACT WE MAY BE 
CLOSE AT BREAKING RECORD HIGH TEMPS IF TEMPS WARM TO 60F OR ABOVE ON 
CHRISTMAS EVE.  AS THE SYSTEM WRAPS UP INTO CANADA...COLD AIR 
ADVECTION SHOULD CIRCULATE AROUND AND BEGIN A TRANSITION FROM 
SOUTHWEST TO NORTHEAST IN TURNING P-TYPE TO SNOW. HOWEVER LATEST 
GUIDANCE DOES SHOW A QUICK MOVING DRY SLOT SO SNOWFALL WILL STRUGGLE 
DUE TO LACK OF MOISTURE. 

THIS SYSTEM IS QUITE POTENT SO WE WILL NEED TO WATCH FOR POTENTIAL 
HAZARDS. CURRENTLY THINK THAT WE COULD POSSIBLE URBAN FLOODING 
ISSUES AS MODELS PROGGED WELL OVER 1.5 INCHES OF QPF. LATEST EC EVEN 
SHOWS 2.5 INCHES OF QPF IS POSSIBLE. THE GEFS SHOW A MOISTURE FLUX 
AT 850 MB BEING 4 TO 5 STANDARD DEVIATIONS AWAY...AND WITH THE 
TROPICAL CONNECTION AND STRONG SOUTHERLY FLOW COULD SEE HIGHER 
AMOUNTS DUE TO TOPOGRAPHY ENHANCEMENTS. RAIN FALL RECORDS MAY FALL 
IF EVERYTHING FALLS INTO PLACE. 

ALSO BELIEVE THAT WE MAY SEE SOME WIND ISSUES WITH THIS SYSTEM. 
GUIDANCE RIGHT NOW IS SHOWING A 45 TO 55 KT JET AT 925 MB...HOWEVER 
IT WILL BE HARD TO BREAK THE INVERSION WITH THE SOUTHERLY FLOW. 
RIGHT NOW BELIEVE THAT WIND ADVISORIES MAY BE NEEDED BUT IF THIS 
SYSTEM STRENGTHEN EVEN MORE SO A STRONGER JET IS POSSIBLE. 

CONTINUED THE MENTIONED OF ISOLATED THUNDER IN THE FORECAST PER PREV 
FORECASTER SUGGESTION. BELIEVE IT COULD BE POSSIBLE AS SOUTHERN NEW 
ENGLAND WILL BE IN THE WARM SECTOR...WITH THE ANOMALOUS JET AND 
SHOWALTERS CLOSE TO ZERO. 

FRIDAY...LOW CONFIDENCE. 

ONCE UPPER LEVEL LOW MOVES INTO SOUTHERN CANADA...EXPECT A RATHER 
FAST UPPER W FLOW IN PLACE. MAY SEE LEFTOVER SNOW SHOWERS BUT TEMPS 
WILL FALL BACK CLOSE TO SEASONAL NORMS.

&&

.AVIATION /15Z SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
FORECASTER CONFIDENCE LEVELS...

LOW...LESS THAN 30 PERCENT. 
MODERATE...30 TO 60 PERCENT.
HIGH...GREATER THAN 60 PERCENT.

SHORT TERM /THROUGH SUNDAY/...

700 AM UPDATE...

TODAY...MODERATE CONFIDENCE.  MVFR CIGS WILL CONTINUE TO OVERSPREAD 
EASTERN NEW ENGLAND THIS MORNING AND EVENTUALLY INTO THE INTERIOR 
THIS AFTERNOON.  SCATTERED PRECIPITATION WILL OVERSPREAD 
SOUTHEAST MA/CAPE/ISLANDS THIS AFTERNOON.  PTYPE MAINLY SNOW SHOWERS 
NORTHWEST OF THE SOUTHEAST PLYMOUTH COUNTY COAST AND RAIN SHOWERS 
SOUTHEAST OF THAT REGION. LOCALIZED IFR CONDITIONS POSSIBLE JUST 
INLAND FROM THE SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND COAST...WHERE PTYPE IS SNOW.

TONIGHT AND SUNDAY...MODERATE CONFIDENCE.  MVFR CONDITIONS DOMINATE 
IN LOWER CLOUDS AND SCATTERED PRECIPITATION.  LOCALIZED IFR 
CONDITIONS POSSIBLE WITH THE BEST CHANCE IN SNOW SHOWERS.  
PRECIPITATION AFFECTS MAINLY EASTERN NEW ENGLAND BUT STILL SOME 
SCATTERED ACTIVITY ACROSS WESTERN NEW ENGLAND. PTYPE MAINLY SNOW 
SHOWERS NORTHWEST OF THE SOUTHEAST PLYMOUTH COUNTY COAST...WITH RAIN 
SHOWERS SOUTHEAST OF THAT REGION.  

KBOS TERMINAL...MODERATE CONFIDENCE IN TAF.  SNOW SHOWERS MAY ARRIVE 
TOWARDS 00Z THIS EVENING.

KBDL TERMINAL...MODERATE CONFIDENCE IN TAF. 

OUTLOOK...SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH WEDNESDAY...

MONDAY INTO TUESDAY...MODERATE CONFIDENCE. EXPECT MOSTLY 
VFR...ISOLATED MVFR ALONG THE MASS EAST COASTLINE IN RAIN/SNOW 
SHOWERS. 

TUESDAY NIGHT INTO WEDNESDAY...MODERATE CONFIDENCE. CONDITIONS WILL 
BE DETERIORATING AS HEAVY DOWNPOURS...ISO THUNDER AND GUSTY SOUTHERLY 
WINDS MOVE INTO THE REGION BY WEDNESDAY. COULD SEE MVFR TO IFR 
CONDITIONS IN CIGS AND VSBYS.

&&

.MARINE...
FORECASTER CONFIDENCE LEVELS...

LOW...LESS THAN 30 PERCENT. 
MODERATE...30 TO 60 PERCENT. 
HIGH...GREATER THAN 60 PERCENT.

SHORT TERM /TODAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...HIGH CONFIDENCE. 

HIGH PRESSURE ACROSS QUEBEC WILL RESULT IN PERSISTENT NORTHEAST 
WINDS ACROSS THE WATERS THROUGH THE WEEKEND.  WIND GUSTS UP TO 20 
KNOTS WITH SEAS BETWEEN 2 AND 4 FEET ARE EXPECTED FOR MOST 
WATERS...SO NO HEADLINES PLANNED. THERE IS A LOW PROBABILITY THAT A 
BRIEF SURGE OF NORTHEAST WIND GUSTS NEAR 25 KNOTS WITH MARGINAL 5 
FOOT SEAS COULD AFFECT OUR NORTHERN WATERS LATE TONIGHT INTO SUN 
MORNING...BUT NOT CONFIDENT ENOUGH TO ISSUE ANY HEADLINES AT THIS 
POINT.

OUTLOOK...SUNDAY NIGHT INTO WEDNESDAY...MODERATE TO HIGH
CONFIDENCE.

SUNDAY INTO MONDAY. CONTINUOUS NORTHEAST FLOW WILL KEEP SEAS CHOPPY. 
LINGERING NORTHEAST SWELL MAY BUMP SEAS ABOVE 5FT ESP ACROSS THE 
NORTHEASTERN WATERS. SCA MAY BE NEEDED...BUT LOWER CONFIDENCE. 
 
TUESDAY INTO WEDNESDAY...NE WINDS WILL INCREASE...GUSTING TO 30 KT 
TUE THEN SHIFT TO SE GUSTING TO 30-35 KT WED...HIGHEST ON THE OUTER 
WATERS. SEAS BUILD UP TO 7-11 FT BY WED. GALES WILL BE NEEDED.

&&

.TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING...
HIGH ASTRONOMICAL TIDES WILL OCCUR TUESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY. BREAKING 
IT DOWN...ON TUESDAY HIGH TIDE AT BOSTON WILL BE 11.6 FT. THERE WILL 
BE ONSHORE FLOW DURING THIS HIGH TIDE ALLOWING FOR MINOR SPLASHOVER. 
IF WIND GUSTS INCREASE THEN COULD POSSIBLE SEE MINOR COASTAL 
FLOODING. 
 
ON WEDNESDAY...WINDS WILL SWITCH TO A MORE SOUTHEASTERLY FLOW DURING 
THE DAY AND INCREASE QUICKLY FROM APPROACHING SYSTEM AND DESCENT 
PRESSURE FALLS. WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON HIGH TIDE IN BOSTON IS 11.7 FT 
AND WITH ANY STRENGTH ON THE EASTERLY WIND FLOW WILL PUSH THE TIDE 
OVER. RIGHT NOW BELIEVE MINOR COASTAL FLOODING IS POSSIBLE ALONG THE 
EAST COASTLINE. HOWEVER WEDNESDAY EVENING...THE WIND GOES IN A MORE 
SOUTHERLY DIRECTION AND HIGH TIDE IN PROVIDENCE WILL BE 5.2 FT. 925 
MB LLJ STRENGTHENS TO 50-60 KTS WHICH COULD PUSH A DESCENT SURGE UP 
ALONG THE SOUTH COAST DURING THE TIME OF HIGH TIDE. THINKING THAT 
MINOR COASTAL FLOODING COULD OCCUR BUT CANNOT RULE OUT MODERATE 
ALONG THE SOUTH COAST...ESP IF LLJ STRENGTHENS EVEN MORE.

&&

.BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CT...NONE.
MA...NONE.
RI...NONE.
MARINE...NONE.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...FRANK/DUNTEN
NEAR TERM...FRANK/DUNTEN/RLG
SHORT TERM...FRANK
LONG TERM...DUNTEN
AVIATION...FRANK/DUNTEN
MARINE...FRANK/DUNTEN
TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING...



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