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Public Information Statement
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000
NOUS42 KCAE 060305
PNSCAE

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE COLUMBIA SC
1000 PM EDT FRI DEC 5 2014

...NOVEMBER 2014 CLIMATE SUMMARY... 

...EARLIEST SNOWFALL ON RECORD AT COLUMBIA...
...SOME PARTS OF THE MIDLANDS RECEIVED UP TO 6 INCHES OF SNOW ON THE 
1ST...
...2ND COLDEST NOVEMBER ON RECORD AT AUGUSTA...
...11TH COLDEST NOVEMBER ON RECORD AT COLUMBIA...
...17TH WETTEST NOVEMBER ON RECORD AT COLUMBIA...
...SEVERAL TEMPERATURE RECORDS EITHER BROKEN OR TIED AT AUGUSTA AND 
COLUMBIA...
...EL NINO WATCH CONTINUES WITH A WEAK EL NINO EXPECTED TO DEVELOP...


THE THEME FOR THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER WAS COLD AND WET...EVEN WHITE. 
THE MONTH STARTED OFF IN A BIG WAY WITH EARLIEST AND LARGEST SNOW 
EVENT ON RECORD FOR NOVEMBER. PRIOR TO THIS EVENT...THE EARLIEST 
SNOWFALL RECORDED IN COLUMBIA OCCURRED ON NOVEMBER 9TH, 1913. 
ALTHOUGH THE AREA THAT RECEIVED THE GREATEST SNOW AMOUNTS WAS 
SMALL...AMOUNTS BETWEEN 4 AND 6 INCHES ARE EXTREMELY UNUSUAL. MORE 
ABOUT THIS EVENT IS BELOW IN THE NOVEMBER EVENTS SECTION. 

A PERSISTENT MID/UPPER LEVEL TROUGH LINGERED ALONG THE EAST COAST 
INTO THE SOUTHEAST FOR MUCH OF THE MONTH. THIS PRODUCED RECORD COLD 
TEMPERATURES DURING THE MONTH AND AT TIMES A STORM TRACK BRINGING 
WEATHER SYSTEMS OUT OF THE GULF OF MEXICO AND TRACKING THEM 
NORTHEAST ALONG THE CAROLINA COAST. THIS WAS QUITE A CONTRAST TO THE 
WARM AND DRY MONTH OF OCTOBER.  

THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE AT AUGUSTA REGIONAL BUSH FIELD WAS 49.2 
DEGREES OR 6.0 DEGREES BELOW THE NORMAL OF 55.2 DEGREES. THE AVERAGE 
TEMPERATURE AT COLUMBIA METRO AIRPORT WAS 50.5 DEGREES OR 4.3 
DEGREES BELOW THE NORMAL OF 54.8 DEGREES. 

WITH ALL OF SOUTH CAROLINA IN AN INCIPIENT DROUGHT THE SOLID 
RAINFALL ACROSS THE MIDLANDS AND CENTRAL SAVANNAH RIVER AREA WAS 
WELCOME. RAINFALL AVERAGED FROM 3 TO 5 INCHES ACROSS THE MIDLANDS 
AND CENTRAL SAVANNAH RIVER AREA DURING NOVEMBER. THE AREAS THAT 
RECEIVED THE MOST RAINFALL WERE ALONG THE I-95 CORRIDOR AND ACROSS 
THE CENTRAL MIDLANDS. SOME OF THESE LOCATIONS RECEIVED BETWEEN 5 AND 
7 INCHES OF RAINFALL.    


HERE ARE SOME OF THE HIGHEST COCORAHS RAINFALL REPORTS FOR NOVEMBER: 
...COMMUNITY COLLABORATIVE RAIN HAIL AND SNOW 
NETWORK......WWW.COCORAHS.ORG

SC-LX-35 LEXINGTON 2.9 NE...............6.68 INCHES
SC-OR-3  NORTH 0.3 W....................6.46 INCHES
SC-LX-5  LEXINGTON 1.6 WNW..............6.10 INCHES
SC-LX-69 LEXINGTON 3.0 WSW..............6.06 INCHES
SC-OR-5  HOLLY HILL 0.4 N...............5.96 INCHES
GA-CU-7  GROVETOWN 3.4 NE...............4.76 INCHES


HERE ARE SOME OF THE HIGHEST NWS COOP OBSERVER REPORTS FOR NOVEMBER:

SAHS1 SANDHILL RESEARCH CLEMSON...6.03 INCHES
HHLS1 HOLLY HILL 1 SW.............5.79 INCHES
BLYS1 CEDAR CREEK.................5.17 INCHES
JOHS1 JOHNSTON 4 SW...............5.03 INCHES
MANS1 MANNING.....................4.99 INCHES


HERE ARE SOME ADDITIONAL RAINFALL TOTALS FROM THE RICHLAND COUNTY 
MESONET (RCWINDS) FOR NOVEMBER:

GILLS CREEK................5.63 INCHES
IRMO.......................5.55 INCHES
WESTWOOD HS................5.55 INCHES
LANDFILL...................5.43 INCHES
ST. ANDREWS................5.24 INCHES
UPPER RICHLAND.............5.24 INCHES
BEAR CREEK.................5.20 INCHES


HIGHEST WIND GUSTS AT EACH ASOS LOCATION DURING THE MONTH:

AUGUSTA DANIEL FIELD (DNL)........43 MPH ON THE 23RD
COLUMBIA HAMILTON OWENS FLD (CUB).42 MPH ON THE 23RD
AUGUSTA BUSH FIELD (AGS)..........37 MPH ON THE 23RD
COLUMBIA METRO AIRPORT (CAE)......37 MPH ON THE 27TH
ORANGEBURG COUNTY AIRPORT (OGB)...35 MPH ON THE 17TH


HIGHEST WIND GUSTS AT EACH LAKE OBSERVING SITE DURING THE MONTH:

LAKE MURRAY TOWERS (IRMS1)..............43 MPH ON THE 27TH 
CLARKS HILL LAKE THURMOND DAM (CHDS1)...40 MPH ON THE 1ST 
LAKE MURRAY FLOTILLA ISLAND (LMFS1).....37 MPH ON THE 17TH AND 27TH 
LAKE WATEREE DAM (WATS1)................32 MPH ON THE 7TH AND 27TH 


WATER TEMPERATURE AT THE LAKE MURRAY TOWERS (DEPTH APPROX. 6 FEET): 
WARMEST...69 DEGREES ON THE 1ST
COOLEST...58 DEGREES ON THE 30TH 
 

RECORDS TIED OR BROKEN DURING THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER: 

AUGUSTA...
ON THE 19TH...THE MERCURY FELL TO 15 DEGREES BREAKING THE PREVIOUS 
RECORD OF 22 DEGREES SET IN 2008

ON THE 20TH...THE MERCURY FELL TO 20 DEGREES TYING THE RECORD LOW 
TEMPERATURE SET IN 1951.


COLUMBIA...
ON THE 1ST...A TRACE OF SNOW FELL AT THE COLUMBIA METRO AIRPORT.  
THIS IS THE EARLIEST DATE OF A TRACE OR MORE OF SNOW AT COLUMBIA ON 
RECORD. 

ON THE 18TH...THE MERCURY STRUGGLED TO RISE TO 42 DEGREES BREAKING 
THE PREVIOUS LOWEST MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE OF 45 DEGREES IN 2008.

ON THE 19TH...THE MERCURY FELL TO 20 DEGREES BREAKING THE PREVIOUS 
RECORD OF 22 DEGREES SET IN 2008 AND 1891. 

ON THE 23RD...THE RAIN GAGE MEASURED 2.12 INCHES OF RAINFALL FOR THE 
DAY BREAKING THE DAILY RAINFALL RECORD OF 1.95 INCHES IN 1942. 

ON THE 24TH...THE MERCURY DID NOT FALL MUCH OVERNIGHT AND SETTLED AT 
63 DEGREES BREAKING THE RECORD HIGH MINIMUM TEMPERATURE OF 62 
DEGREES IN 1940. 



EVENTS FOR NOVEMBER 2014:

NOVEMBER 1ST...A VERY STRONG UPPER LEVEL WEATHER SYSTEM MOVED FROM 
NORTHWEST TO SOUTHEAST ACROSS THE STATE DURING THE EARLY MORNING 
HOURS OF SATURDAY THE 1ST. VERY COLD AIR ALOFT WAS ASSOCIATED WITH 
THIS SYSTEM...YET TEMPERATURES AT THE SURFACE AT THE ONSET WERE WELL 
ABOVE FREEZING. AS THE SYSTEM MOVED ACROSS THE AREA...THE INTENSE 
NATURE OF THE PRECIPITATION WAS ABLE TO COOL THE LOWER LEVELS OF THE 
ATMOSPHERE DOWN TO NEAR OR JUST BELOW FREEZING. A CHANGEOVER FROM 
RAIN TO SNOW OCCURRED FROM THE UPSTATE AREA THEN EVENTUALLY TO THE 
CENTRAL MIDLANDS AND NORTHERN CSRA. THE SNOW CAME DOWN HEAVY AT 
TIMES...ESPECIALLY ACROSS WESTERN LEXINGTON COUNTY. SNOWFALL RATES 
OF 1 TO 2 INCHES PER HOUR WERE NOT UNCOMMON. THE AREAS THAT RECEIVED 
THE MOST SNOW WERE LOCATED FROM WESTERN LEXINGTON COUNTY INTO SALUDA 
COUNTY...EDGEFIELD COUNTY AND EXTREME NW AIKEN COUNTY. SNOW WAS 
REPORTED AS FAR WEST AND SOUTH AS LINCOLN COUNTY GA...MCCORMICK 
COUNTY SC...THE AUGUSTA METRO AREA...BARNWELL COUNTY SC...BAMBERG 
COUNTY SC...ORANGEBURG COUNTY SC AND EVEN DORCHESTER COUNTY SC. MANY 
AREAS REPORTED TREES DOWN DUE TO THE HEAVY WET SNOW AND MANY TREES 
STILL HOLDING MANY OF THEIR LEAVES. 

IN LEXINGTON COUNTY THE HEAVIEST SNOWFALL AMOUNTS RANGED FROM 2 TO 6 
INCHES WITH THE HEAVIEST SNOWFALL AROUND THE TOWN OF GILBERT WHERE 
UP TO 6 INCHES FELL. THE HEAVY SNOW BROUGHT DOWN TREES AND 
POWERLINES...EVENING CLOSING A PORTION OF I-26. 

IN SALUDA COUNTY SNOWFALL AMOUNTS AVERAGED BETWEEN 1 AND 2 INCHES. 
THE EMERGENCY MANAGER REPORTED 40 TO 50 TREES DOWN ACROSS THE 
COUNTY.  

IN NEWBERRY COUNTY...AIKEN COUNTY AND EDGEFIELD COUNTY...SNOWFALL 
AMOUNTS WERE UP TO 1 INCH IN PLACES. 


HERE ARE SOME SNOWFALL AMOUNTS FROM COCORAHS OBSERVERS:

SC-LX-93 GILBERT 1.0 SE.............4.3 INCHES
SC-LX-22 LEXINGTON 5.9 SW...........4.2 INCHES
SC-LX-39 GILBERT 1.2 SSW............3.5 INCHES
SC-LX-69 LEXINGTON 3.0 WSW..........3.0 INCHES
SC-LX-26 LEXINGTON 3.4 SSE..........1.5 INCHES
SC-LX-43 LEXINGTON 1.2 SSW..........1.5 INCHES

HERE ARE SOME SNOWFALL AMOUNTS FROM OUR NWS COOPERATIVE OBSERVERS:

BATESBURG (BATS1)...................3.5 INCHES
PELION 4 NW (PLNS1).................3.0 INCHES
CEDAR CREEK (BLYS1).................1.0 INCHES
JOHNSTON 4 SW (JOHS1)...............0.8 INCHES
NEWBERRY (NWYS1)....................0.5 INCHES

HERE ARE SOME SNOWFALL AMOUNTS VIA EM/PUBLIC/SOCIAL MEDIA:

GILBERT.............................6.0 INCHES
RED BANK............................4.5 INCHES
I-26 MILEMARKER 47..................4.5 INCHES
SUMMIT..............................4.0 INCHES
SALUDA..............................2.0 INCHES
PELION..............................2.0 INCHES
LEXINGTON...........................1-2 INCHES

...HISTORICAL NOVEMBER SNOW INFORMATION FOR COLUMBIA...
PRIOR TO THIS EVENT THE EARLIEST SNOWFALL ON RECORD FOR COLUMBIA WAS 
A TRACE OF SNOW THAT FELL ON NOVEMBER 9TH, 1913. THE RECORD SNOWFALL 
FOR NOVEMBER OCCURRED BACK ON NOVEMBER 28TH, 1912 WHEN 1 INCH OF 
SNOW WAS OBSERVED. 



NOVEMBER 19TH...COLD CANADIAN HIGH PRESSURE SETTLED IN ACROSS THE 
REGION AND PRODUCED THE LOWEST TEMPERATURES OF THE SEASON. MANY 
LOCATIONS FELL INTO THE TEENS. 

HERE ARE SOME OF THE MORNING LOW TEMPERATURES:

8 E FORT JACKSON...................14 DEGREES
2 ESE SALUDA.......................14 DEGREES
CEDAR CREEK NWS COOP (BLYS1).......14 DEGREES
8 SE NEW ELLENTON..................14 DEGREES
LANDFILL (RCWINDS).................14 DEGREES
BEAR CREEK (RCWINDS)...............14 DEGREES
GADSDEN (RCWINDS)..................14 DEGREES
1 NW BLYTHEWOOD....................15 DEGREES
1 SSE WAYNESBORO GA................15 DEGREES
3 SSE RIDGEWAY.....................15 DEGREES
4 NW PELION NWS COOP (PLNS1).......15 DEGREES
2 E CANE SAVANNAH..................15 DEGREES
9 WNW JEFFERSON....................15 DEGREES
EASTOVER (RCWINDS).................15 DEGREES



NOVEMBER 23RD-24TH...A COMPLEX WEATHER PATTERN WITH AN AREA OF LOW 
PRESSURE DEVELOPING IN THE GULF OF MEXICO AND EVENTUALLY PRODUCING A 
SQUALL LINE AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT. THIS SYSTEM PRODUCE WIDESPREAD 
HEAVY RAINFALL ALONG WITH STRONG WIND GUSTS AS IT MOVED ACROSS THE 
CSRA AND MIDLANDS. THERE WERE NUMEROUS REPORTS OF TREES AND POWER 
LINES DOWN FROM THE CENTRAL SAVANNAH RIVER AREA INTO THE MIDLANDS. A 
TREE FELL ON A VEHICLE IN EDGEFIELD COUNTY AND ALSO IN COLUMBIA 
COUNTY GA. 

HERE ARE SOME RAINFALL AMOUNTS FROM THE 48 HOUR PERIOD:

MIDVILLE GA.......................3.19 INCHES
9 WSW SNELLING SC.................2.88 INCHES
GROVETOWN 3.4 NE GA...............2.58 INCHES
LEXINGTON 1.6 WNW SC..............2.57 INCHES
WAYNESBORO/GIRARD 8 NNW GA........2.56 INCHES



NOVEMBER 24TH...A CLUSTER OF STRONG TO SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS MOVED 
ACROSS THE MIDLANDS...MAINLY AFFECTING LEXINGTON AND RICHLAND 
COUNTIES. THESE STORMS PRODUCED NICKEL TO QUARTER SIZE HAIL IN THE 
IRMO AREA. STRONG WINDS ALSO TOPPLED SOME TREES IN LEXINGTON 
COUNTY.  



YEAR TO DATE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION STATISTICS...

COLUMBIA SC METROPOLITAN AIRPORT 2013/2014 MONTHLY AVERAGE 
TEMPERATURES AND DEPARTURES FROM NORMAL...

          AVG HIGH/DEP   AVG LOW/DEP   AVG TEMP   NORM  DEPARTURE 
JAN 2013  64.0/+8.0      41.1/+7.4      52.5      44.8    +7.7
FEB       59.2/-1.1      36.2/-0.6      47.7      48.5    -0.8
MAR       63.5/-4.7      38.5/-4.5      51.0      55.6    -4.6 
APR       76.7/+0.4      53.4/+3.0      65.0      63.4    +1.6 
MAY       81.4/-2.4      59.2/-0.3      70.3      71.7    -1.4
JUN       88.1/-1.9      70.1/+1.9      79.1      79.1     0.0
JUL       88.4/-4.3      72.7/+1.1      80.5      82.2    -1.7 
AUG       87.6/-3.1      71.0/ 0.0      79.3      80.8    -1.5    
SEP       86.9/+1.7      65.5/+0.3      76.2      74.7    +1.5 
OCT       77.9/+1.8      54.8/+2.7      66.3      64.1    +2.2
NOV       65.0/-2.3      40.5/-1.8      52.7      54.8    -2.1  
DEC       62.5/+4.3      40.6/+5.3      51.5      46.7    +4.8      
ANNUAL    75.1/-0.4      53.6/+1.2      64.4      63.9    +0.5

JAN 2014  52.4/-3.6      28.1/-5.6      40.3      44.8    -4.5 
FEB       60.3/ 0.0      37.4/+0.6      48.9      48.5    +0.4
MAR       65.2/-3.0      39.1/-3.9      52.2      55.6    -3.4
APR       78.3/+2.0      52.8/+2.4      65.6      63.4    +2.2 
MAY       86.4/+2.6      62.2/+2.7      74.3      71.7    +2.6
JUN       92.4/+2.4      71.6/+3.4      82.0      79.1    +2.9
JUL       92.7/ 0.0      73.4/+1.8      83.0      82.2    +0.8
AUG       92.2/+1.5      71.7/+0.7      82.0      80.8    +1.2 
SEP       84.9/-0.3      68.4/+4.2      76.7      74.7    +2.0 
OCT       79.9/+3.8      53.6/+1.5      66.8      64.1    +2.7 
NOV       63.1/-4.2      38.0/-4.3      50.5      54.8    -4.3

AUGUSTA GA BUSH FIELD 2013/2014 MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES AND 
DEPARTURES FROM NORMAL...

          AVG HIGH/DEP   AVG LOW/DEP   AVG TEMP   NORM  DEPARTURE 
JAN 2013  65.4/+7.5      39.4/+6.6     52.4       45.4    +7.0 
FEB       59.8/-2.5      35.5/-0.4     47.6       49.1    -1.5 
MAR       63.8/-6.1      37.9/-4.1     50.8       55.9    -5.1 
APR       76.2/-1.1      48.5/+0.4     62.4       62.7    -0.3 
MAY       81.0/-4.0      55.8/-1.5     68.4       71.1    -2.7 
JUN       88.2/-2.8      67.4/+1.2     77.8       78.6    -0.8 
JUL       87.9/-5.5      71.0/+1.2     79.5       81.6    -2.1 
AUG       87.7/-4.1      68.6/-0.7     78.2       80.5    -2.3 
SEP       87.2/+0.5      61.8/-0.8     74.5       74.6    -0.1 
OCT       78.4/+0.7      51.9/+0.9     65.2       64.4    +0.8 
NOV       65.9/-3.2      38.7/-2.7     52.3       55.2    -2.9
DEC       62.5/+2.5      38.0/+3.5     50.3       47.2    +3.1
ANNUAL    75.3/-1.6      51.2/+0.2     63.3       63.9    -0.6

JAN 2014  52.7/-5.2      26.3/-6.5     39.5       45.4    -5.9 
FEB       61.9/-2.5      34.9/ 0.0     48.4       49.1    -0.7 
MAR       66.1/-3.8      37.6/-4.4     51.9       55.9    -4.0
APR       77.3/ 0.0      49.1/+1.0     63.2       62.7    +0.5
MAY       85.3/+0.3      58.0/+0.7     71.6       71.7    +0.5
JUN       90.7/-0.3      67.2/+1.0     78.9       78.6    +0.3 
JUL       92.2/-1.2      68.4/-1.4     80.3       81.6    -1.3
AUG       91.7/-0.1      67.6/-1.7     79.7       80.5    -0.8
SEP       84.9/-1.8      66.6/+4.0     75.7       74.6    +1.1  
OCT       81.4/+3.7      49.3/-1.7     65.3       64.4    +0.9 
NOV       34.2/-4.9      34.2/-7.2     49.2       55.2    -6.0 

COLUMBIA SC METROPOLITAN AIRPORT 2013/2014 MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...

               TOTAL   NORMAL   DEPARTURE  
              (INCHES) 
JAN 2013       1.21     3.58    -2.37
FEB            5.51     3.61    +1.90
MAR            3.65     3.73    -0.08
APR            4.63     2.62    +2.01 
MAY            3.62     2.97    +0.65
JUN            6.17     4.69    +1.48
JUL           11.21     5.46    +5.75 
AUG            7.51     5.26    +2.25
SEP            2.04     3.54    -1.50    
OCT            1.98     3.17    -1.19
NOV            2.06     2.74    -0.68
DEC            5.88     3.22    +2.66
ANNUAL        55.47    44.59   +10.88   

JAN 2014       3.40     3.58    -0.18
FEB            2.92     3.61    -0.69
MAR            3.93     3.73    +0.20
APR            2.99     2.62    +0.37
MAY            5.72     2.97    +2.75
JUN            1.41     4.69    -3.28
JUL            2.83     5.46    -2.63
AUG            4.88     5.26    -0.38
SEP            2.81     3.54    -0.73
OCT            3.05     3.17    -0.12
NOV            4.37     2.74    +1.63


AUGUSTA GA BUSH FIELD 2013/2014 MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...

               TOTAL   NORMAL   DEPARTURE  
              (INCHES)  
JAN 2013       0.60     3.91     -3.31
FEB            9.40     3.92     +5.48 
MAR            3.11     4.18     -1.07
APR            4.23     2.84     +1.39
MAY            2.26     2.65     -0.39
JUN           10.83     4.72     +6.11
JUL            9.05     4.33     +4.72
AUG            5.84     4.32     +1.52
SEP            1.12     3.22     -2.10
OCT            0.36     3.27     -2.91
NOV            1.82     2.82     -1.00
DEC            6.90     3.39     +3.51 
ANNUAL        55.54    43.57    +11.97

JAN 2014       2.48     3.91     -1.43 
FEB            3.73     3.92     -0.19 
MAR            2.56     4.18     -1.62
APR            4.59     2.84     +1.75
MAY            5.50     2.65     +2.85
JUN            2.27     4.72     -2.45
JUL            5.53     4.33     +1.20
AUG            1.76     4.32     -2.56
SEP            2.26     3.22     -0.96
OCT            0.61     3.27     -2.66
NOV            3.19     2.82     +0.37 


THE OUTLOOK FOR DECEMBER...

THE FORECAST CALLS FOR A 33 TO 40 PERCENT CHANCE OF ABOVE NORMAL 
TEMPERATURES AND EQUAL CHANCES THAT PRECIPITATION WILL EITHER BE 
BELOW...ABOVE OR NEAR NORMAL.  

THE 3-MONTH OUTLOOK FOR FALL (DEC/JAN/FEB)...

THE FORECAST CALLS FOR AROUND A 40 PERCENT CHANCE OF BELOW NORMAL 
TEMPERATURES AND A 33 TO 40 PERCENT CHANCE OF ABOVE NORMAL 
PRECIPITATION FOR THE 3-MONTH PERIOD. 

ENSO (EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION)...
...A EL NINO WATCH CONTINUES FOR WINTER INTO SPRING 2015...

AN EL NINO WATCH MEANS THAT CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE FOR THE 
DEVELOPMENT OF EL NINO CONDITIONS WITHIN THE NEXT SIX MONTHS. 

AT THIS TIME...ENSO NEUTRAL CONDITIONS CONTINUE ACROSS THE 
EQUATORIAL PACIFIC OCEAN. SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURES ARE ABOVE AVERAGE 
ACROSS MOST OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN. THE CHANCES OF EL NINO DEVELOPING 
IS NEAR 60 PERCENT DURING THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER. ENSO 
MODELS INDICATE THAT EL NINO CONDITIONS WILL DEVELOP DURING THE 
DECEMBER AND JANUARY PERIOD AND PERSIST THROUGH THE NORTHERN 
HEMISPHERE SPRING 2015. AT THIS TIME...IT LOOKS AS THOUGH THE EL 
NINO THAT IS EXPECTED TO DEVELOP WILL BE WEAK.  

CLIMATE OUTLOOKS AND ENSO DISCUSSIONS COURTESY NOAA CLIMATE 
PREDICTION CENTER...WWW.CPC.NOAA.GOV.

NOTE...
MUCH APPRECIATION GOES OUT TO OUR NWS COOPERATIVE WEATHER 
OBSERVERS...COCORAHS (COMMUNITY...COLLABORATIVE...RAIN...HAIL AND 
SNOW NETWORK) OBSERVERS...SOUTH CAROLINA STATE CLIMATE 
OFFICE...SOUTHEAST REGIONAL CLIMATE CENTER...RICHLAND COUNTY AND 
LOCAL WEATHER PARTNERS FOR THE DATA THEY PROVIDE THROUGHOUT THE 
YEAR. THEIR HARD WORK AND DEDICATION IS GREATLY APPRECIATED. 

TEMPERATURE RECORDS FOR COLUMBIA GO BACK TO 1887 AND FOR AUGUSTA  
BACK TO 1873. PRECIPITATION RECORDS FOR COLUMBIA GO BACK TO 1878 AND 
FOR AUGUSTA BACK TO 1871. 

ADDITIONAL CLIMATE INFORMATION...INCLUDING CURRENT AND ARCHIVED 
DAILY AND MONTHLY SUMMARIES...CAN BE FOUND ON THE NATIONAL WEATHER 
SERVICE COLUMBIA SC HOME PAGE AT 
HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CAE .

$$

VAUGHAN



















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