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Public Information Statement
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000
NOUS42 KCAE 051132
PNSCAE
SCZ015-016-018-020-021-022-025-026-027-028-029-030-031-035-036-
037-038-041-GAZ040-063-064-065-077-061200-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE COLUMBIA SC
635 AM EST FRI DEC 5 2014

ON THIS LAST DAY OF WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK WE WILL DISCUSS
WIND CHILL...FROSTBITE...AND HYPOTHERMIA.

THE WIND CHILL IS BASED ON THE RATE OF HEAT LOSS FROM EXPOSED SKIN
CAUSED BY COMBINED EFFECTS OF WIND AND COLD.  AS THE WIND INCREASES
HEAT IS CARRIED AWAY FROM THE BODY AT AN ACCELERATED RATE DRIVING
DOWN THE BODY TEMPERATURE.  EVEN ANIMALS ARE AFFECTED BY THE WIND
CHILL.  WIND CHILL CHARTS ARE AVAILABLE FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER
SERVICE AND CAN ALSO BE FOUND ON LINE.

FROSTBITE IS DAMAGE TO THE BODY TISSUE CAUSED BY THAT TISSUE BEING
FROZEN.  FROSTBITE CAUSES A LOSS OF FEELING AND A WHITE OR PALE
APPEARANCE IN EXTREMITIES SUCH AS FINGERS...TOES...EAR LOBES...OR
THE TIP OF THE NOSE.  IF SYMPTOMS ARE DETECTED GET MEDICAL HELP
IMMEDIATELY!  IF YOU MUST WAIT FOR HELP SLOWLY REWARM AFFECTED
AREAS.  HOWEVER...IF THE PERSON IS ALSO SHOWING SIGNS OF
HYPOTHERMIA...WARM THE BODY CORE BEFORE THE EXTREMITIES.

HYPOTHERMIA OCCURS WHEN THERE IS A REDUCTION OF HEAT THROUGHOUT THE
ENTIRE BODY.  WARNING SIGNS INCLUDE UNCONTROLLABLE
SHIVERING...MEMORY LOSS...DISORIENTATION...INCOHERENCE...SLURRED
SPEECH...DROWSINESS AND APPARENT EXHAUSTION.  TO BE SURE A PERSON
IS SUFFERING FROM HYPOTHERMIA TAKE THEIR TEMPERATURE.  IF IT IS 95
DEGREES FAHRENHEIT...IMMEDIATELY SEEK MEDICAL CARE.  IF MEDICAL
HELP IS NOT AVAILABLE...BEGIN WARMING THE PERSON SLOWLY.  WARM THE
BODY CORE FIRST THEN THE EXTREMITIES.  IF NECESSARY...USE YOUR OWN
BODY AS A HEAT SOURCE.









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