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Area Forecast Discussion
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000
FXUS61 KILN 030036
AFDILN

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILMINGTON OH
736 PM EST MON MAR 2 2015

.SYNOPSIS...
MOISTURE BEING LIFTED UP AND OVER RETREATING COLD AIR WILL BRING
AREAS OF FREEZING RAIN...POSSIBLY MIXED WITH SLEET...ACROSS MOST
OF THE AREA TUESDAY MORNING BEFORE CHANGING TO RAIN BY TUESDAY
AFTERNOON AS TEMPERATURES WARM. LATER TUESDAY AFTERNOON...MODERATE
RAIN WILL DEVELOP AND SPREAD ACROSS MUCH OF THE AREA...BUT
ESPECIALLY NORTHERN KENTUCKY AND SOUTHERN OHIO WHERE LOCALLY HEAVY
RAIN WILL BE POSSIBLE. THE COMBINATION OF RAIN...TEMPERATURES
WARMING THROUGH THE 40S TO NEAR 50...AND MELTING SNOW MAY CAUSE
FLOODING OF LOW LYING AREAS...SMALL CREEKS AND STREAMS...AND SOME
RIVERS. AS COLDER AIR MOVES INTO THE AREA WEDNESDAY
AFTERNOON...RAIN WILL CHANGE TO SNOW AND A PERIOD OF HEAVY SNOW IS
POSSIBLE FOR NORTHERN KENTUCKY AND SOUTHERN OHIO. THE ENTIRE
SYSTEM SHIFTS EAST OF THE AREA BY THURSDAY AFTERNOON WITH DRYING
CONDITIONS FOR THE END OF THE WEEK AND INTO THE WEEKEND.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM TUESDAY MORNING/...
THE QUIET PERIOD OF THIS FORECAST ISSUANCE. 1033MB SURFACE HIGH
SITTING RIGHT OVER CNTL OHIO THIS EVENING WILL ALLOW FOR GOOD
RADIATIONAL COOLING EVEN WITH INCREASING CIRRUS SHIELD. LIGHT
WINDS WILL TURN EASTERLY AND EXPECT TEMPS TO FALL OFF WITH THE
SNOW COVER WELL INTO THE 20S...TEENS IN CNTL OHIO. THE MOST RAPID
TEMP FALL WILL COME IN THE EVENING BEFORE DEVELOPING SLY FLOW
/ALOFT/ BRINGS IMPRESSIVE WARM ADVECTION ABOVE THE BOUNDARY
LAYER...AND CLOUDS THICKEN UP. WILL SEE SOME READINGS /NORTHERN
KY/ START TO TURN AROUND AND RISE AFTER MIDNIGHT...AND GRIDDED
FORECAST ATTEMPTS TO CAPTURE BOTH THE EVENING FALL AND THE LATER
NIGHT STEADY/SLOWLY RISE. HAVE KEPT PRECIPITATION CHANCES RATHER
SMALL THROUGH 6 AM...WITH THE MOST RAPID INCREASE IN CHANCES
COMING TUESDAY MORNING.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 AM TUESDAY MORNING THROUGH WEDNESDAY NIGHT/...
NOT TOO MANY TIMES DO WE ISSUE BACK TO BACK TO BACK ADVISORY/WATCH
PRODUCTS BUT THE PATTERN NECESSITATES IT TO RAISE AWARENESS FOR
MULTIPLE THREATS BEGINNING TUES A.M. AND CONTINUING INTO EARLY THURSDAY.

FIRST OFF...THE TUESDAY MORNING FREEZING RAIN/SLEET POTENTIAL.
THIS IS NOT AS CLEAR CUT AS ORIGINALLY THOUGHT. VERY CLEAR PER
02.12Z GUIDANCE THAT VERY STRONG MOISTURE FLUX/TRANSPORT WILL GET
GOING AFTER MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO OUR SOUTHWEST...WITH SREF 850MB
TRANSPORT MAGNITUDES OF 5+ SIGMA ABOVE CLIMO AS LOW LEVEL JET
RAMPS UP DOWNSTREAM OF APPROACHING NRN STREAM TROUGH SLIPPING THRU
THE UPPER MS VALLEY. HOWEVER...AMBIENT AIRMASS /ESP BELOW 500 MB/
IS EXTREMELY DRY PER 02.12Z KILN SOUNDING AND FORECAST SOUNDINGS
THROUGH MON NIGHT. MODEL QPFS HAVE BEEN TRENDING LIGHTER/DRIER IN
THE TUESDAY MORNING TIME FRAME WHICH IS WORRISOME...BUT HAVE ALSO
SEEN TIME AND TIME AGAIN WHERE STRONG WAA/MOISTURE
TRANSPORT/ISENTROPIC LIFT SIGNALS USE MOISTURE EFFICIENTLY TO
WRING OUT LIGHT QPF OVER RETREATING ARCTIC DOMES. THUS...AM
RUNNING WITH HIGHER PRECIP CHANCES THAN MDLS ON TUES MORNING IN
THIS SCENARIO GIVEN THE VERY STRONG TRANSPORT SIGNAL AND
RETREATING ARCTIC DOME. NOT ONLY IS THERE THAT ASPECT...BUT
BOUNDARY LAYER WARMING WILL BE RACING NORTH ON DEVELOPING SSELY
FLOW. CURRENT FORECAST IS BEST CURRENT ESTIMATION OF OVERLAP
BETWEEN ADVANCING AREAS OF LIGHT RAIN...INCREASING BOUNDARY LAYER
WARMING...AND TIMING OF THE TWO...WHICH SPELLS A TWO TO FIVE HOUR
PERIOD /LEAST IN THE SOUTH AND MORE IN THE NORTH/ OF LIGHT
FREEZING RAIN POTENTIAL. GIVEN VIRTUALLY NO IMPACT OR CHANCE TO
MIX WITH SLEET ACROSS SERN IND/SWRN OH/CNTL OH...HAVE OPTED FOR
FREEZING RAIN ADVISORY HERE FOR LIGHT ICE AMOUNTS THAT MAY CAUSE
TRAVEL ISSUES. FURTHER NORTH...DEPTH OF COLD AIR AND PERHAPS A
LITTLE LONGER DURATION MAY ALLOW FOR MORE FZRA/SLEET COMBO SO
WINTER WX ADVISORY THERE. TOO MUCH RISK TO LET THIS SITUATION GO
WITHOUT AN ADVISORY AS MAGNITUDE OF WARMING/MOISTENING ALOFT MAY
ALLOW FOR A MORE RAPID DEVELOPMENT AND BETTER COVERAGE THAN MODELS
ARE SHOWING. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN 02.12Z NAM/ECMWF /MEAGER ON
QPF AND COVERAGE/ TO 02.12Z SREF /HIGH PROBABILITIES OF NOT ONLY
MEASURABLE FZRA BUT SOME HINTS OF UP TO 0.10"/ SPURRED THE
DECISION TO MOVE TO ADVISORY ON THIS ISSUANCE.

NEXT UP...MODERATE TO HEAVY RAIN AND POTENTIAL FLOODING. THIS
SIGNAL HAS BEEN VERY LONG ADVERTISED PER ANALOGS AND
ANOMALIES...AND NOW IT/S TIME TO SWITCH HIGHER RES DETERMINISTIC
GUIDANCE FOR DETAILS. THE PATTERN SUPPORTS A CONTINUED LONG FEED
OF MOISTURE TRANSPORT ALONG AND AHEAD OF A SLOWLY MOVING FRONTAL
ZONE TUESDAY AFTERNOON INTO WEDNESDAY MORNING. BIG PUSH OF VERY
ANOMALOUS/DEEP MOISTURE...WITH PWAT RUNNING 300% NORMAL AND 3
SIGMA ABOVE CLIMO ON TUESDAY NIGHT. 70+KT LOW LEVEL JET AROUND
BACKSIDE OF SERN CONUS RIDGING SHOULD FOCUS/FUNNEL MOISTURE INTO
THE OHIO VALLEY AND IT SEEMS POTENTIAL FOR EXCESSIVE RAIN IS
SHIFTING A TAD SOUTH W/TIME OVER THE LAST 24 HOURS. CURRENTLY
EXPECT THE HEAVIEST RAINFALL FOOTPRINT /VIA LONG DURATION TRAIN OF
MODERATE/SOMETIMES HEAVY RAIN/ TO BE ALONG AND SOUTH/EAST OF I-71
WHICH IS WHERE FLOOD WATCH HAS BEEN PLACED. PLENTY OF SNOW/FROZEN
SOILS TO CONTEND WITH SO STRAIGHTFORWARD TO GET FLOOD WATCH OUT
TODAY. AMTS FROM 1-2" - AND WHILE CONVECTION ISN/T GOING TO PLAY A
HUGE ROLE - CONVECTIVE ELEMENTS VIA MODEST DESTABILIZATION ABOVE
THE STABLE BOUNDARY LAYER WILL CERTAINLY CAUSE
CONCERN...ESPECIALLY SOUTH/SOUTHEAST CWA IN NORTHERN KY/SCNTL OH.
COULD SEE BRUSH CREEK BASIN...LOWER SCIOTO...AND KENTUCKY/LICKING
RIVERS IN KY REALLY RESPOND TO THIS...AS 0.5" TO 1.00" SNOW WATER
EQUIVALENT TIED UP IN THE SNOW PACK IS RELEASED RATHER QUICKLY
WITH TEMPS APPROACHING 50F IN THE SOUTH. AM A LITTLE MORE THAN
CONCERNED FOR NRN KY/FAR SCNTL OHIO SO HOPING FOR A SLOW RELEASE
FROM THE SNOW PACK AND RAIN AMOUNTS ON THE LIGHTER END OF THE SPECTRUM.

FINALLY...POTENTIAL WINTER STORM. LOW CONFIDENCE HERE BUT A SIGNAL
I COULD NOT IGNORE. 02.12Z MODELS CONTINUE TO STABILIZE SOMEWHAT
ON COLD AIR OOZING INTO THE FRONTOGENETICALLY FORCED PCPN REGION
THAT WILL BE ONGOING ACROSS NRN KY/SRN OH. 02.12Z GFS AND ITS
PRIOR RUNS SEEMED WAY TOO COLD IN THE BOUNDARY LAYER AND THROWN
OUT. MUCH MORE CONSISTENCY FROM NAM/ECMWF AND THAT IS WHERE
FORECAST IS BASED. A LONG DURATION RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION OF THE
JET/FGEN FORCED BAND OF PRECIPITATION WILL CONTINUE WED AFTN/NIGHT
INTO THURSDAY MORNING AS THE COLD AIR OVERTAKES IT. THERE/S A
SCENARIO /ONE OF SEVERAL/ WHERE 12-18 HOURS OF MODERATE SNOW
OCCURS FROM NRN KY INTO SRN OHIO...AND SOME SOLUTIONS ARE EXTREME
IN SNOWFALL AMOUNTS. ANECDOTALLY...HAVE TO ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THE
PATTERN AND FORCING SUPPORTS A POTENTIAL HIGHER-END SNOW
ACCUMULATION. BUT USING CLIMO AND WHAT WILL LIKELY BE A SLOWER
TRANSITION TO SNOW...AND MARCH INSOLATION /EVEN THRU CLOUDS/ THAT
WILL KEEP ANYTHING BUT HEAVY SNOW RATES FROM ACCUMULATING TOO
MUCH. IT/S WEDNESDAY NIGHT THAT HAS MY ATTENTION AS A POSSIBILITY
OF REALLY ACCUMULATING SNOW UNDER CLOAK OF DARKNESS WITH CONTINUED
BANDING/FGEN FORCING IN THE RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION OF THE JET THAT
MOVES ONLY VERY SLOWLY SOUTHEAST FROM WED AFTN INTO THURS MORNING.
WILL HAVE TO WATCH AREAS BACK FROM CVG TO ILN TO SOUTH OF CMH FOR
POSSIBLE EXPANSION OF WATCH IF SOME OF THE MORE DIRE /QUICKER
CHANGEOVER/ SITUATIONS GET MORE SUPPORT IN THE ENSEMBLES. HAVE
TAKEN A VERY CONSERVATIVE APPROACH TO SNOWFALL FORECAST IN OUR
SOUTHERN AREAS AND CURRENTLY INDICATING 4-7" WHICH NECESSITATES A
WATCH CENTERED ON WED NIGHT...AGAIN...WITH NEED TO WATCH THAT THIS
MAY GET EXPANDED IN TIME.

&&

.LONG TERM /THURSDAY THROUGH MONDAY/...
ANOTHER ROUND OF COLD ARCTIC AIR IS ON TAP FOR THURSDAY AS ARCTIC 
HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS EAST INTO THE REGION. TEMPERATURES WILL 
STRUGGLE TO WARM INTO THE MID TEENS NORTH TO THE MID 20S SOUTH. 
THESE TEMPERATURES ARE SOME 25 TO 30 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL FOR EARLY 
MARCH. NEEDLESS TO SAY...SOME RECORD LOW MAX TEMPERATURES MAY BE IN 
JEOPARDY. THEY ARE 24...22...AND 20 AT CVG...DAY...AND CMH 
RESPECTIVELY. WE ARE CURRENTLY FORECASTING 21...17...AND 19 AT 
CVG...DAY...AND CMH RESPECTIVELY. WHO HAS FRESH SNOW COVER...AND THE 
AMOUNT OF CLOUDS...WILL ULTIMATELY PLAY A ROLE ON HOW WARM IT GETS 
DESPITE AN INCREASING SUN ANGLE FOR EARLY MARCH. 

FOR THURSDAY NIGHT...THE ARCTIC HIGH WILL MOVE EAST ACROSS THE OHIO 
VALLEY. AT THIS TIME...THE BEST CHANCE FOR WINDS TO BECOME LIGHT OR 
CALM WILL BE ALONG AND SOUTH OF THE OHIO RIVER. WITH CLEAR SKIES 
EXPECTED...TEMPERATURES WILL LIKELY DROP BELOW ZERO IN MOST SPOTS. 
AGAIN...KNOWING HOW COLD IT WILL GET ATTM IS DIFFICULT WHICH WILL 
DEPEND ON SNOW COVER AND HOW DEEP THAT SNOW COVER IS FOR MAXIMUM 
RADIATIONAL COOLING EFFECTS. HAVE GONE CONSERVATIVE ATTM...BUT 
GETTING LOWER THAN WHAT IS FORECAST IS CERTAINLY POSSIBLE. WILL 
FORECAST LOWS GENERALLY IN THE ZERO TO 5 BELOW RANGE. RECORD LOWS OF 
2...0 AND 2 AT CVG...DAY AND CMH WILL ALSO BE IN JEOPARDY. 

FOR THE PERIOD FRIDAY INTO FRIDAY NIGHT...HIGH PRESSURE MOVES EAST 
WHILE A WEAK COLD FRONT DROPS SOUTHEAST INTO THE GREAT LAKES. MOSTLY 
SUNNY SKIES ARE EXPECTED ON FRIDAY WITH AN INCREASING SOUTHERLY 
RETURN FLOW. AGAIN...DIFFICULT TO KNOW HOW WARM IT WILL GET ON 
FRIDAY AS SHALLOW ARCTIC AIR WILL LIKELY GET MIXED OUT BUT LINGERING 
SNOW COVER AND A STRONG MARCH SUN ANGLE WILL BE IN PLAY. WILL RANGE 
HIGHS FROM THE MID 20S NORTH TO THE LOWER 30S SOUTH. LOWS FRIDAY 
NIGHT WILL GENERALLY BE IN THE TEENS.

FOR SATURDAY INTO SATURDAY NIGHT...HAVE LEANED TOWARD THE ECMWF FOR 
THE MOVEMENT OF SYNOPTIC SCALE SYSTEMS. A WEAK FRONT DROPS THROUGH 
OUR AREA ON SATURDAY/SATURDAY NIGHT. FRONT APPEARS MOISTURE STARVED 
SO HAVE KEPT THE FORECAST DRY WITH ONLY SOME INCREASE IN CLOUDS. 
TEMPERATURES WILL WARM INTO THE 30S AND 40S ON SATURDAY...BUT WILL 
STILL AVERAGE BELOW NORMAL FOR EARLY MARCH. 

HIGH PRESSURE BRIEFLY BUILDS INTO THE AREA FOR SUNDAY...FOLLOWED BY 
ANOTHER WEAK FRONT ON MONDAY. FRONT ON MONDAY MAY BRING A LOW CHANCE 
FOR RAIN AND/OR SNOW. TEMPERATURES WILL BE SIMILAR TO SATURDAY/S 
READINGS...30S AND 40S...BUT FOR THE MOST PART AVERAGING A LITTLE 
BIT BELOW NORMAL FOR EARLY MARCH.

&&

.AVIATION /00Z TUESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
FIRST HALF OF THE FORECAST PERIOD WILL BE QUIET. CIGS WILL SLOWLY
LOWER OVERNIGHT BUT WILL REMAIN VFR.

SWLY FLOW ON THE BACKSIDE OF THE RETREATING HIGH WILL PULL
MOISTURE INTO THE REGION. WARM AIR SCREAMING IN ALOFT WILL ALLOW
FOR THE PTYPE TO BE RAIN ALOFT...BUT WITH SURFACE TEMPS BY 12Z IN
THE 20S...A PERIOD OF FREEZING RAIN WILL AFFECT THE TAFS DURING
THE MORNING.

TEMPERATURES WILL WARM ABOVE FREEZING FROM S TO N...WITH CVG
CHANGING OVER TO RAIN AROUND 14Z...BUT DAY/CMH/LCK WILL PROBABLY
STAY AT OR BELOW FREEZING UNTIL ABOUT 18Z. CIGS AND VSBYS WILL
DROP TO IFR QUICKLY DURING THE MORNING AS THE ATMOSPHERE BECOMES
SATURATED.


OUTLOOK...MVFR/IFR CEILINGS AND VISIBILITIES ARE POSSIBLE TUESDAY
NIGHT INTO WEDNESDAY NIGHT..

&&

.ILN WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
OH...FREEZING RAIN ADVISORY FROM 7 AM TO 1 PM EST TUESDAY FOR 
     OHZ053>055-060>065-070>072-074-077.
     WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY FROM 7 AM TO 1 PM EST TUESDAY FOR 
     OHZ026-034-035-042>046-051-052-056.
     FLOOD WATCH FROM TUESDAY EVENING THROUGH WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON 
     FOR OHZ063>065-071>074-077>082-088.
     WINTER STORM WATCH FROM WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON THROUGH THURSDAY 
     MORNING FOR OHZ081-088.
KY...FLOOD WATCH FROM TUESDAY EVENING THROUGH WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON 
     FOR KYZ089>100.
     WINTER STORM WATCH FROM WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON THROUGH THURSDAY 
     MORNING FOR KYZ089-090-094>100.
IN...FREEZING RAIN ADVISORY FROM 7 AM TO 1 PM EST TUESDAY FOR 
     INZ058-059-066-073-074.
     WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY FROM 7 AM TO 1 PM EST TUESDAY FOR 
     INZ050.
     FLOOD WATCH FROM TUESDAY EVENING THROUGH WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON 
     FOR INZ075-080.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...BINAU
NEAR TERM...BINAU
SHORT TERM...BINAU
LONG TERM...HICKMAN
AVIATION...SITES






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