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Area Forecast Discussion
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000
FXUS61 KOKX 181436
AFDOKX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NEW YORK NY
1036 AM EDT FRI APR 18 2014

.SYNOPSIS...
HIGH PRESSURE RETREATS TO THE NORTHEAST TODAY...WITH ANOTHER AREA OF 
HIGH PRESSURE BUILDING DOWN FROM SOUTHERN CANADA THROUGH THE
WEEKEND. THE HIGH THEN SLOWLY SLIDES TO THE EAST INTO TUESDAY. A
FRONTAL SYSTEM WILL IMPACT THE AREA FROM TUESDAY INTO WEDNESDAY.
HIGH PRESSURE THEN BUILDS DOWN FROM SOUTH CENTRAL CANADA INTO
THURSDAY.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/...
UPDATED TEMPERTURES...DEWPOINTS...AND CLOUD COVERAGE. INCREASED
CLOUDS AS MOISTURE WILL BECOME TRAPPED UNDERNEATH A SUBSIDENCE
INVERSION. THIS WAS EVIDENT IN THE OKX 12Z SOUNDING NEAR 925MB.
MAX TEMPS WERE DECREASED A FEW DEGREES AS WELL...MORE SO FOR
COASTAL SECTIONS WITH MORE MARITIME INFLUENCE. UNCERTAINTY ON HOW
LONG IT WILL TAKE FOR CLOUDS WILL SCATTER OUT WHEN THE INVERSION
BREAKS. LIKEWISE...MAX TEMPS COULD BE A FEW DEGREES TOO LOW IF
THIS OCCURS.

GENERALLY DRY WEATHER TODAY WITH HIGH PRESSURE SLOWLY PUSHING TO THE 
NORTHEAST AS A WEAKENING FRONT APPROACHES FROM THE NORTH AND WEST. 
GENERAL MODEL CONSENSUS HAS TRENDED IN KEEPING THE FRONT TO THE 
NORTH...WITH NO PRECIP EXPECTED TO IMPACT THE AREA AS THE MAIN 
NORTHERN STREAM ENERGY REMAINS OVER NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND AS WELL. 
STRATUS IN NEW JERSEY AND SOUTHERN NYC/LONG ISLAND IS EXPECTED TO
PERSIST THROUGH THE MORNING WITH THE NORTHEAST FLOW. AS THE WINDS
COME AROUND TO THE SOUTH...SHOULD SEE THE LOW LEVEL CLOUDS BEGIN
TO SCATTER OUT BUT A PASSING VORT MAX WILL KEEP THE INCREASED SKY
COVERAGE...INCREASING THE MID AND HIGH LEVEL CLOUDS FOR THE
REMAINDER OF THE AFTERNOON. DESPITE A WARMING TREND WITH WAA...THE
COMBINATION OF THE NORTHEAST FLOW...AND CLOUD COVER WILL HELP TO
KEEP TEMPERATURES STILL ALMOST 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH 6 PM SATURDAY/...
SURFACE HIGH RETREATS TO THE NORTHEAST BY TONIGHT...WITH A WEAK 
TROUGH SETTING UP BRIEFLY OVER NEW ENGLAND. THE TROUGH IS QUICKLY 
REPLACED BY THE NEXT HIGH PRESSURE...BUILDING SOUTH AND EAST FROM 
CANADA. UPPER LEVEL TROUGH SWINGS THROUGH TONIGHT BUT AGAIN MAIN 
FORCING IS TO THE NORTH AND WITH LITTLE TO NO FORCING AT THE SURFACE 
ALONG WITH MINIMAL MOISTURE...SHOULD SEE A DRY NIGHT. RIDGING SETS 
UP QUICKLY BEHIND THE DEPARTING TROUGH FOR SATURDAY AND WITH 
BUILDING SUBSIDENCE...SATURDAY LOOKS TO BE A DRY AND SUNNY DAY ONCE 
THE MORNING CLOUDS SCATTER OUT. TEMPERATURES EXPECTED TO REBOUND 
BACK TO NEAR NORMAL FOR TONIGHT...AND THEN EVEN A FEW DEGREES ABOVE 
NORMAL ON SATURDAY WITH DOWNSLOPING INFLUENCE. 

INCREASED WINDS AND LOW RH VALUES ON SATURDAY COULD LEAD TO AN 
ENHANCED RISK OF FIRE SPREAD. NORTHWEST WINDS WILL INCREASE...WITH 
SUSTAINED 10-15 MPH...AND GUSTS UP TO 20 MPH DURING THE 
AFTERNOON...CORRESPONDING WITH RH VALUES DROPPING TO AROUND 30 
PERCENT.

&&

.LONG TERM /SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY/...
A NORTHERN STREAM RIDGE BUILDS OVER THE AREA SATURDAY NIGHT AND 
SUNDAY...THEN SLIDES TO THE NORTHEAST SUNDAY NIGHT. ASSOCIATED 
SUBSIDENCE SHOULD KEEP THE AREA DRY AND WITH MINIMAL CLOUD COVER IN 
THIS TIME FRAME. FOR LOWS SATURDAY NIGHT USED A BLEND OF MAV/MET 
GUIDANCE...WITH VALUES NEAR NORMAL IN NYC PROPER...AND A FEW DEGREES 
BELOW NORMAL ELSEWHERE. FOR HIGHS SUNDAY USED A BLEND OF MIXING DOWN 
FROM 925-875 HPA PER BUFKIT SOUNDINGS...WITH NAM 2-METER 
TEMPERATURES AND A BLEND OF MAV/MET GUIDANCE. EXPECT READINGS TO BE 
SLIGHTLY BELOW NORMAL. FOR LOWS SUNDAY NIGHT USED A BLEND OF NAM 
2-METER TEMPERATURES WITH A BLEND OF MEX/MEN/EKD/ECE/ECM/WPC 
GUIDANCE...WITH VALUES A FEW DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.

ANOTHER NORTHERN STREAM RIDGE BUILDS OVER THE AREA MONDAY...THEN 
EXITS TO THE NORTHEAST MONDAY NIGHT. ASSOCIATED SUBSIDENCE WILL KEEP 
THINGS DRY...BUT COULD SEE AN INCREASE IN MAINLY MID TO HIGH CLOUDS 
BY LATE MONDAY NIGHT AHEAD OF AN APPROACHING DEVELOPING FULL 
LATITUDE TROUGH.

TROUGH CONTINUES TO SHARPEN AS IT SLOWLY MOVES EAST INTO THE WESTERN 
APPALACHIANS ON TUESDAY...WITH ANY PRECIPITATION AHEAD OF IT LIKELY 
CONFINED TO THE NW 1/3-1/2 OF THE CWA. AS THE TROUGH MOVES INTO E 
PA/UPSTATE NY TUESDAY NIGHT...AND BEGINS TO TAKE ON A BIT OF A 
NEGATIVE TILT...WOULD EXPECT WIDESPREAD SHOWERS ACROSS THE CWA 
TUESDAY NIGHT. HOWEVER...NOTING SOME DIFFERENCES IN MODEL 
TIMING...AND INHERENT UNCERTAINTY THIS FAR OUT...HAVE CAPPED POPS AT 
CHANCE AT THIS TIME.

SOME UNCERTAINTY AS TO HOW QUICKLY THE PRECIPITATION EXITS TO THE E 
ON WEDNESDAY...THOUGH THE 00Z ECMWF HAS COME CLOSER TO THE 00Z CMC 
AND GFS WHEN COMPARED TO THE 12Z ECMWF. MAIN QUESTION IS HOW SOON 
WILL A CUTOFF LOW DEVELOP AS THE TROUGH CONTINUES TO NEGATIVELY TILT 
AS IT LIFTS NORTHEAST...AND HOW QUICKLY WILL THIS CUTOFF LIFT TO THE 
NE. FOR NOW...HAVE LEANED TOWARDS THE SLIGHTLY SLOWER ECMWF 
SOLUTION...AS SLOWER IS OFTEN THE BETTER FORECAST WITH NEGATIVELY 
TILTED SYSTEMS. AS A RESULT DO HAVE SLIGHT CHANCE POPS OVER MOST OF 
THE AREA WEDNESDAY MORNING...AND THE NE 1/3 OF THE CWA WEDNESDAY 
AFTERNOON. 

A DEEP LAYERED RIDGE BEGINS TO BUILD IN FROM THE MIDWEST WEDNESDAY 
NIGHT AND THURSDAY...SO HAVE GONE WITH A DRY FORECAST FOR NOW. 
HOWEVER...WITH A DEVELOPING CUTOFF LOW FORECAST TO BE NOT TO FAR TO 
THE NE...CANNOT COMPLETELY RULE OUT THAT THE FORECAST COULD LATER 
EVOLVE INTO A CLOUDIER ONE WITH ISOLD-SCT SHOWERS IN THIS TIME 
FRAME. 

FOR TEMPERATURES MONDAY-THURSDAY USED A BLEND OF 
MEX/MEN/EKD/ECE/ECM/WPC GUIDANCE. TEMPERATURES SHOULD RUN NEAR 
NORMAL ON MONDAY...ABOVE NORMAL ON TUESDAY...WITH THE POSSIBILITY OF 
SOME AREAS MAINLY FROM NYC ON W HITTING 70. WEDNESDAY AND THURSDAY 
FOR NOW SHOULD SEE TEMPERATURES WITHIN A FEW DEGREES ON EITHER SIDE 
OF NORMAL. HOWEVER...IF THE AFOREMENTIONED CUTOFF LOW ENDS UP CLOSER 
TO THE AREA...THEN BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES WOULD BE POSSIBLE.

&&

.AVIATION /15Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
HIGH PRESSURE CENTERED OVER THE CANADIAN MARITIMES AND EXTENDING
DOWN THE EASTERN SEABOARD WILL SLOWLY MOVE EAST WHILE WEAKENING
TODAY.

MVFR STRATUS STRUGGLING TO SCOUR OUT...SO WILL KEEP IN THE TAF TIL
18Z OR SO. 

EAST FLOW CONTINUES THROUGH THE DAY...BUT LOCAL SEA BREEZES THIS 
AFTERNOON WILL TURN WINDS S/SE AT 8-12 KT. WINDS DIMINISH TO 5 KT OR 
LESS TONIGHT.

LOW CONFIDENCE AS TO WHETHER OR NOT STRATUS WILL REDEVELOP AFTER 00Z 
SATURDAY...SO WILL LEAVE OUT OF THE TAFS FOR NOW.

     NY METRO ENHANCED AVIATION WEATHER SUPPORT...

DETAILED INFORMATION...INCLUDING HOURLY TAF WIND COMPONENT FCSTS CAN 
BE FOUND AT:  HTTP:/WWW.ERH.NOAA.GOV/ZNY/N90 (LOWER CASE)

KJFK FCSTER COMMENTS: CIGS BKN020-025 THROUGH 18Z.

KLGA FCSTER COMMENTS: CIGS BKN020-025 THROUGH 18Z.

KEWR FCSTER COMMENTS: CIGS BKN020-025 THROUGH 18Z.

THE AFTERNOON KEWR HAZE POTENTIAL FORECAST IS GREEN...WHICH IMPLIES 
SLANT RANGE VISIBILITY 7SM OR GREATER OUTSIDE OF CLOUD.

KTEB FCSTER COMMENTS: OCNL CIGS BKN025 THROUGH 18Z.

KHPN FCSTER COMMENTS: POTENTIAL FOR BKN CIGS 2000-2500 FT THROUGH 
18Z.

KISP FCSTER COMMENTS: CIGS BKN015-020 THROUGH 18Z.

.OUTLOOK FOR 12Z SATURDAY THROUGH TUESDAY...
.SATURDAY-MON NIGHT...VFR.
.TUE/TUE NIGHT...MVFR POSSIBLE WITH SHOWERS...COLD FROPA.

&&

.MARINE...
SCA FOR HAZARDOUS SEAS REMAINS IN EFFECT THROUGH 06Z AS LINGERING
EASTERLY SWELL KEEPS HIGHER SEAS WITHIN THE FORECAST COASTAL OCEAN
ZONES. POTENTIAL IS THERE FOR THESE HIGHER SEAS TO LAST LONGER
THROUGH THE WHOLE NIGHT BUT FORECAST FOR NOW DROPS CONDITIONS TO
BELOW SCA TOWARDS DAYBREAK SATURDAY.

ELSEWHERE...SUB-SCA CONDITIONS EXPECTED THROUGH SATURDAY. ONCE
THE SEAS ON THE OCEAN SUBSIDE TONIGHT...SUB-SCA CONDITIONS
EXPECTED THERE AS WELL.

AT THIS TIME...SUB-SCA CONDITIONS ARE FORECAST FROM SATURDAY 
NIGHT-TUESDAY...WITH WINDS ON NON-OCEAN WATERS 10 KT OR LESS. 
HOWEVER...THERE IS A CHANCE THAT THE COASTAL OCEAN WATERS COULD
EXPERIENCE WIND GUSTS TO AROUND 25 KT LATE SATURDAY NIGHT AND
SUNDAY. OTHERWISE WINDS ON THE COASTAL OCEAN WATERS SHOULD ALSO BE
10 KT OR LESS UNTIL LATE TUESDAY.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
NO SIGNIFICANT PRECIPITATION IS EXPECTED THROUGH THE WEEKEND.

THERE IS THE POTENTIAL FOR A SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL FROM LATE TUESDAY 
INTO WEDNESDAY MORNING. AT THIS TIME...THERE IS TOO MUCH UNCERTAINTY 
TO SPECIFY EXACT AMOUNTS OR ANY POTENTIAL IMPACTS - IF ANY. 

NOTE...MINOR FLOODING CONTINUES ALONG THE CONNECTICUT RIVER. FOR 
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION...PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST FLOOD WARNINGS 
FROM NWS TAUNTON MA.

&&

.OKX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CT...NONE.
NY...NONE.
NJ...NONE.
MARINE...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FOR HAZARDOUS SEAS UNTIL 2 AM EDT 
     SATURDAY FOR ANZ350-353-355.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...MALOIT/SEARS
NEAR TERM...JM/SEARS
SHORT TERM...SEARS
LONG TERM...MALOIT
AVIATION...BC/MPS
MARINE...JM/MALOIT/SEARS
HYDROLOGY...MALOIT/SEARS






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