...CONVECTIVE...

Tornado Warning
(TORAKQ)
TO.W

Issued when a tornado is indicated by radar or sighted by storm spotters. The warning will include where the tornado is, direction of movement, and what towns/locations will be in its path.

Tornado Watch
(WCNAKQ)

TO.A

Issued when conditions are favorable for the development of tornadoes in and close to the watch area. Watches are usually in effect for several hours, with 6 hours being the most common.

Severe Thunderstorm Warning
(SVRAKQ)
SV.W

Issued when a thunderstorm produces hail 3/4 of an inch or larger in diameter and/or winds which equal or exceed 58 mph. Severe thunderstorms can result in the loss of life and/or property. Information in this warning includes where the storm is, where it is moving, and what towns/locations will be affected, and the primary threat associated with the storm.

Note: Effective January 1st, 2009 the severe hail criteria will be 1 inch or larger.

Severe Thunderstorm Watch
(WCNAKQ)
SV.A

Issued when conditions are favorable for the development of severe thunderstorms in and close to the watch area. Watches are usually in effect for several hours, with 6 hours being the most common.

Severe Weather Statement
(SVSAKQ)
SV.S

Issued to follow up, trim, or to cancel a Tornado or Severe Thunderstorm Warning. Includes important information on the progress of severe weather elements and/or the reason for ending the warning.

Special Weather Statement
(SPSAKQ)

Issued to provide the public with information concerning ongoing or imminent (within the next 6 hours) short term convection below severe criteria/levels.

...HYDROLOGIC...

Flash Flood Warning
(FFWAKQ)
FF.W

Issued to inform the public that flash flooding is imminent or occurring, generally less than 6 hours after the causative event, when there is a rapid rise in water levels in urban areas, small rivers, creeks and other small drainages, or for mudslides in burn areas.

Flash Flood Watch
(FFAAKQ)
FF.A

Issued when meteorological, soil, or hydrologic conditions indicate flash flooding is possible, or if a dam could fail and threaten life and property, but the threat does not yet appear imminent. The possible flash flooding would occur within less than 6 hours of the causative event. Issued for counties/cities if rainfall may exceed 1 or 3 to 6 hour flood guidance (FFG).

Flash Flood Statement
(FFSAKQ)
FF.S

Issued to follow up, or to cancel a Flash Flood Warning, Watch, or Advisory. The statement will contain the latest information on the event (i.e. reports of flooding, damage, etc.), and/or the reason for canceling the warning, watch, or advisory.

Flood Warning
(FLWAKQ)
FL.W

Issued when flooding is expected to occur more than 6 hours after the causative event (i.e. heavy rain, snow melt or reservoir releases). Flood warnings are issued for forecast points, areas along rivers and streams, and for counties or portions of counties.

Flood Watch
(FFAAKQ)
FF.A

Issued to inform the public that current and developing hydro conditions are such that there is a threat of flooding, but the occurrence is neither certain nor imminent. Issued for counties/cities if rainfall may exceed 12 or 24 hour flood guidance (QPF). Issued with QPF when a river is forecast to 'Equal or Exceed' flood stage in greater than 12 and less than 24 hours. Also issued to denote flood potential due to snowmelt, ice jams, antecedent conditions, or potential dam failure.

Flood Statement
(FLSAKQ)
FL.S

Issued to follow up, or to cancel a Flood Warning, Watch, or Advisory. The statement will contain the latest information on the event (i.e. reports of flooding, damage, etc.), and/or the reason for canceling the warning, watch, or advisory.

Areal Flood Advisory:
-Urban/Small Stream Advisory -Flood Advisory
(FLSAKQ)
FL.S

Issued when flooding of streets, underpasses, low-lying areas, storm drains is occurring. Issued when advisory level flooding is expected to be over a wide area (which cannot be quantified using a flood warning, for river forecast points).

Hydrologic Statement
(RVSAKQ)
HY.S

Issued when significant rises of rivers are expected, but when rivers are still expected to remain below flood stage. Also issued as a river summary on a daily basis for the James, Chowan, and Appomattox river basins.

Hydrologic Outlook
(ESFAKQ)

Issued as a seasonal outlook beginning in January and issued bi-weekly through April. Also issued to outline flood potential for the winter and spring based on parameters such as, snow melt, rainfall, soil moistuire, etc.

Issued bi-weekly on Wednesdays during periods of drought (once a drought has been declared). Describes and updates the drought situation as well as water supply issues.

...NON-PRECIPITATION...

High Wind Warning
(NPWAKQ)
HW.W

Issued within the next 36 hr period with sustained winds of 40 mph (35 kt) or higher for 1 hour or longer, or 58 mph (50 kt) or higher for any duration

High Wind Watch
(NPWAKQ)
HW.A

Issued within 12-48 hours of an event when conditions are favorable for a high wind event: sustained winds of 40 mph (35 kt) or higher for 1 hour or longer, or 58 mph (50 kt) or higher for any duration.

Wind Advisory
(NPWAKQ)
WI.Y

Issued for expected or occurring sustained winds of 31 to 39 mph (27 to 34 knots) for 1 hour or longer -or- gusts of 46 to 57 mph (40 to 49 knots).

Excessive Heat Warning
(NPWAKQ)
EH.W

Issued for Heat Index (HI) values of 110 degrees F or greater for 2 hours or longer. [Heat Index Chart]

Excessive Heat Watch
(NPWAKQ)
EH.A

Conditions are favorable for an excessive heat event to meet/exceed Excessive Heat Warning criteria in the next 12 to 48 hours.
[Heat Index Chart]

Heat Advisory
(NPWAKQ)
HT.Y

Issued when the Heat Index (HI) is expected to be between 105 and 109 degrees F for 2 hours or longer. [Heat Index Chart]

Hard Freeze Warning
(NPWAKQ)
HZ.W

Issued for minimum shelter temperature forecast to be 28°F or less during the locally defined growing season.

Hard Freeze Watch
(NPWAKQ)
HZ.A

Conditions are favorable for widespread shelter temperatures of 28 degrees F and below to occur in the next 12 to 48 hours, during the locally defined growing season.

Freeze Warning
(NPWAKQ)
FZ.W

Issued in conjunction with temperatures forecast 320 F or below for any length of time during the locally defined growing season; the lower end of the forecast range is used (i.e. 32 to 37 deg would warrant a freeze warning).

Freeze Watch
(NPWAKQ)
FZ.A

Conditions are favorable for a freeze event to meet or exceed Freeze Warning criteria in the next 12 to 48 hours.

Frost Advisory
(NPWAKQ)
FR.Y

Issued at the end (fall) or beginning (spring) of the locally defined growing season when frost is expected, but the severity is not sufficient enough to warrant a freeze warning; issued under prime radiational cooling conditions (i.e. clear skies and calm winds), with low temperatures forecast between 33 and 36 degrees F.

Dense Fog Advisory
(NPWAKQ)
FG.Y

Issued for widespread or localized fog reducing visibilities to ¼ mile or less.

Freezing Fog Advisory
(NPWAKQ)
ZF.Y

Issued for fog which freezes on contact with exposed objects and forms a coating of rime and/or glaze.

Dense Smoke Advisory
 
(NPWAKQ)
SM.Y

Issued for widespread or localized smoke reducing visibility to ¼ mile or less.

Dust Storm Warning
(NPWAKQ)
DS.W

Widespread or localized blowing dust reducing visibilities to 1/4 mile or less. Sustained winds of 25 mph or greater are usually required.

Blowing Dust Advisory
(NPWAKQ)
DU.Y

Issued for strong winds over dry ground that has little or no vegetation, that can lift dust particles in the air; issued when dust reduces visibilities to ¼ mile or less.

...WINTER...

Winter Storm Warning
(WSWAKQ)
WS.W

Issued when the following conditions are occurring or expected in the next 36 hour period of the forecast: for MD/VA/NC, average of forecast range is 5" of snow or greater in a 24 hr period -or- 4" of snow or greater in a 12 hr period -and/or- combined with Ice Storm Warning conditions.

Winter Storm Watch
(WSWAKQ)
WS.A

Issued within 12-48 hours of an event when conditions (snow and/or ice) will meet or exceed Winter Storm Warning conditions.

Winter Weather Advisory
(WSWAKQ)
WW.Y

Issued when the average of forecast snow amounts are at least 2 inches (but less than 5 inches) for MD/VA/NC counties/cities -or- for a combination of precipitation (snow and freezing rain/drizzle) is occurring or expected.  Can also be issued for a winter weather event significant to the public, but not enough of a threat to life or property to warrant a warning (i.e. for black ice that would significantly impact travel).

Ice Storm Warning
(WSWAKQ)
IS.W

Issued for ice (freezing rain) accumulations of ¼ inch or more.

Freezing Rain Advisory
(WSWAKQ)
ZR.Y

Issued for freezing rain/drizzle accumulations below ice storm warning criteria (a trace up to less than ¼ inch).

Blizzard Warning
(WSWAKQ)
BZ.W

Issued when sustained winds or frequent gusts of 35 mph or greater will result in considerable blowing/drifting of snow, reducing visibilities frequently to less than 1/4 mile for greater than 3 hours.

Blizzard Watch
(WSWAKQ)
BZ.A

Issued within 12-48 hours of an event when conditions are favorable to meet or exceed Blizzard Warning conditions.

Wind Chill Warning
(WSWAKQ)
WC.W

Issued for the following areas and criteria:
- MD/VA: wind chill of -20 degrees F or lower..
- NC: wind chill of -15 degrees F or lower. [Wind Chill Chart]

Wind Chill Watch
(WSWAKQ)
WC.A

Issued within 12-48 hours of an event when conditions are favorable to meet or exceed Wind Chill Warning conditions. [Wind Chill Chart]

Wind Chill Advisory
(WSWAKQ)
WC.Y

Issued for the following areas and criteria:
- MD/VA: wind chill of -5 to -19 degrees F.
- NC: wind chill of 0 to -14 degrees F. [Wind Chill Chart]

Winter Storm Outlook
(HWOAKQ)

Issued in order to provide advance notice of a hazardous winter weather event. An outlook would normally be issued in cases when forecasters have a high confidence that a large-scale storm could occur, and there is a need for advance public notice. A deciding factor may be an upcoming national holiday or other regionally significant event with associated widespread travel. Use of actual snowfall amounts should be avoided. Outlooks should contain qualifying terms, such as heavy snow, rather than specific numbers to describe potential snowfall. Do not issue a cancellation for an outlook, but if the weather threat diminishes, an SPS should be issued acknowledging that fact. Winter Storm Outlook information will normally be comtained in the Hazardous Weather Ourlook (HWO), but a Special Weather Statement (SPS) can also be used in order to enhance dissemination of the impending threat.

...TROPICAL...

Hurricane Warning
(HLSAKQ)
HU.W

Issued when sustained winds of 64 kt (74 mph or 119 km/hr) or higher associated with a hurricane are expected in a specified coastal area in 24 hours or less. A hurricane warning can remain in effect when dangerously high water or a combination of dangerously high water and exceptionally high waves continue, even though winds may be less than hurricane force.

Hurricane Watch
(HLSAKQ)
HU.A

Issued when hurricane conditions (winds of 64 kt / 74 mph or higher) are possible within 36 hours. These winds may be accompanied by storm surge, coastal flooding, and/or river flooding.

Hurricane Wind Warning
(HLSAKQ)
HI.W

Issued when hurricane force winds (64 kt / 74 mph or higher) associated with a hurricane are expected to move inland from the coast beyond areas that are covered by a Hurricane Warning.

Hurricane Wind Watch
(HLSAKQ)
HI.A

Issued for inland counties when there is a possibility that hurricane force winds (64 kt / 74 mph or higher) associated with a hurricane will move inland from the coast beyond areas that are covered by a Hurricane Watch.

Tropical Storm Warning
(HLSAKQ)
TR.W

Issued when sustained winds within the range of 34 to 63 kt (39 to 73 mph or 63 to 118 km/hr) associated with a tropical (or subtropical) storm are expected in a specified coastal area within 24 hours or less.

Tropical Storm Watch
(HLSAKQ)
TR.A

Issued when tropical (or subtropical) storm conditions (winds of 34 to 63 kt / 39 to 73 mph) are possible within 36 hours. These winds may be accompanied by storm surge, coastal flooding, and/or river flooding.

Tropical Storm Wind Warning
(HLSAKQ)
TI.W

Issued when sustained winds of 34 to 63 kt (39 to 73 mph) or higher associated with a tropical (or subtropical) storm are expected in 24 hours or less.

Tropical Storm Wind Watch
(HLSAKQ)
TI.A

Issued for inland counties when there is a possibility that sustained winds of 34 to 63 kt (39 to 73 mph) associated with a tropical (or subtropical) storm may move inland from the coast beyond areas that are covered by a Tropical Storm Watch.

Extreme Wind Warning
(EWWAKQ)
EW.W

Issued to inform the public of the need to take immediate shelter in an interior portion of a well-built structure due to the onset of extreme tropical cyclone winds. An EWW for extreme tropical cyclone winds should be issued when both of the following criteria are met: a. a hurricane is a category 3 or greater on the Saffir Simpson hurricane scale, b. sustained hurricane surface winds of 100 knots (115 mph) or greater are occurring or are expected to occur in a WFO’s county warning area within one hour, with a valid time of 2 hours or less.

Hurricane Local Statement
(HLSAKQ)
HU.S

Issued by local WFOs in or near a tropical cyclone threatened area giving specific details for its counties/cities on (1) weather conditions, (2) evacuation decisions made by local officials, and (3) other precautions necessary to protect life and property. These statements can be issued for adjacent areas that are not included in tropical storm and/or hurricane watches/warnings.

...COASTAL HAZARDS...

Coastal Flood Warning
(CFWAKQ)
CF.W

Issued when significant and dangerous (moderate to major) coastal flooding is expected in the next 36 hours. Thresholds vary by each tidal gage location.

Coastal Flood Watch
(CFWAKQ)
CF.A

Alerts the public of possible, significant (moderate to major) coastal flooding within the next 48 hours. Thresholds vary by each tidal gage location.

Coastal Flood Advisory
(CFWAKQ)
CF.Y

Issued to inform customers that minor coastal flooding (not resulting in significant damage) is expected or occuring, such as flooding associated with abnormally high astronomical tides, or a combination of waves and high tide, is expected or occurring, usually within the next 12 hours. Thresholds vary by each tidal gage location

Coastal Flood Statement
(CFWAKQ)
CF.S

Issued to follow up or cancel a Coastal Flood Warning, Watch, or Advisory. May also be issued for brief, localized tidal flooding, with water levels remaining below minor flooding thresholds. Also issued when there is a high risk of rip currents either forecast or occurring.

High Surf Advisory
(CFWAKQ)
SU.Y

Issued when Significant Wave Height of 8 feet or greater (in the surf zone / nearshore), is expected or occurring in the next 36 hours; issued when breaking wave action poses a threat to life and property within the surf zone.

...MARINE...

Special Marine Warning
(SMWAKQ)
MA.W

Issued to warn of potentially hazardous weather conditions, usually of short duration (up to 2 hours), affecting areas included in a CWF that are not adequately covered by existing marine warnings, and producing one or more of the following: sustained marine thunderstorm winds or associated gusts of 34 kt or greater, hail ¾ inch or more in diameter, waterspouts.

Note: Effective January 1st, 2009 the hail criteria will be 1 inch or larger.

Marine Weather Statement
(MWSAKQ)
MA.S

Issued to provide notice that a Special Marine Warning (SMW) has expired, to cancel all or portions of a SMW, or to provide updates to an existing SMW; issued for short-duration non-severe, but potentially hazardous conditions, in which winds or wind gusts to 33 knots are expected for 2 hours or less; also issued for funnel clouds either forecast or reported; also issued for long-term non-severe hazards prevailing for longer than 2 hours including: high or low water levels, dense fog, significant ice in the waters, hazardous material spills, and advance notice on the potential for SMW conditions.

Hurricane Force Wind Warning
(MWWAKQ)
HF.W

Sustained winds of 64 knots (74 mph) or greater, or frequent gusts for greater than 2 hours, forecast within the next 36 hours or occurring, not directly related to a tropical cyclone.

Hurricane Force Wind Watch
(MWWAKQ)
HF.A

Issued when conditions are favorable for a hurricane force wind event to meet or exceed Hurricane Force Wind Warning criteria of sustained winds or frequent gusts of 64 knots (74 mph) or greater in the next 12 to 48 hours, not directly related to a tropical cyclone.

Storm Warning
(MWWAKQ)
SR.W

Sustained winds of 48 to 63 knots (55 to 73 mph), or frequent gusts for greater than 2 hours over at least half of the marine zone, forecast within the next 36 hours or occurring, not directly related to a tropical cyclone.

Storm Watch
(MWWAKQ)
SR.A

Issued when conditions are favorable for a storm force wind event to meet Storm Warning criteria of sustained winds or frequent gusts of 48 knots (55 mph) to 63 knots (73 mph) in the next 12 to 48 hours, not directly related to a tropical cyclone.

Gale Warning
(MWWAKQ)
GL.W

Sustained winds of 34 to 47 knots (39 to 54 mph), or frequent gusts for greater than 2 hours, forecast within the next 36 hours or occurring, not directly related to a tropical cyclne.

Gale Watch
(MWWAKQ)
GL.A

Issued when conditions are favorable for a gale force wind event to meet the Gale Warning criteria of sustained winds or frequent gusts of 34 knots (39 mph) to 47 knots (54 mph) in the next 12 to 48 hours, not directly related to a tropical cyclone.

Small Craft Advisory
(MWWAKQ)
SC.Y

Issued when small craft conditions for either wind (sustained or frequent gusts) -or- both wind and seas are expected to occur at the same time.

Issued for the following areas and criteria:
- Coastal Waters: wind 25 knots to 33 knots, seas 5 feet or greater.
- Chesapeake Bay: wind 18 to 33 knots, seas 4 feet or greater.
- Currituck Sound: wind 18 to 33 knots.
Note: There is no legal definition of “small craft”

Small Craft Advisory for
Hazardous Seas
(MWWAKQ)
SW.Y

Issued when small craft conditions for hazardous seas are expected to occur with wind 10 knots or less. Wave steepness (wave period) is also a consideration.
Note: There is no legal definition of “small craft”

Heavy Freezing Spray Warning
(MWWAKQ)
UP.W

Issued for an accumulation of freezing water droplets on a vessel at a rate of 2 cm per hour or greater caused by some appropriate combination of cold water, wind, cold air temperature, and vessel movement.

Heavy Freezing Spray Watch
(MWWAKQ)
UP.A

Issued for an increased risk of a heavy freezing spray event (meeting Heavy Freezing Spray Warning criteria) but its occurrence, location, and/or timing is still uncertain.

Freezing Spray Advisory
(MWWAKQ)
UP.Y

Issued for an accumulation of freezing water droplets on a vessel at a rate of less than 2 centimeters (cm) per hour caused by some appropriate combination of cold water, wind, cold air temperature, and vessel movement.

Low Water Advisory
(MWWAKQ)
LO.Y

Issued to describe water levels which are significantly below average levels over the Chesapeake Bay, Currituck Sound, coastal marine zones, or any tidal marine area, waterway, or river inlet within or adjacent to a marine zone that would potentially be impacted by low water conditions creating a hazard to navigation.

...FIRE WEATHER...

Red Flag Warning
(RFWAKQ)
FW.W

Issued for impending 'Red Flag' conditions or immediately when 'Red Flag' conditions are occurring. The warning period is less than 24 hours.

VA: 10 hour fuel moisture of 7% or less and sustained surface winds of 35 mph or greater -or- sustained surface winds of 20 mph or greater with RH less than 30% and 10 hour fuel moisture of 7% or less.
MD: 10 hour fuel moisture of 10% or less and sustained surface winds of 20 mph or greater and RH less than 30%.
NC: RH of 25% or less and sustained surface winds of 20 mph or greater (and/or gusts to 30 mph or greater) and 10 hour fuel moisture of 10% or less.

Fire Weather Watch
(RFWAKQ)
FW.A

Issued between 12 and 72 hours in advance of the expected onset of the conditions. A watch will remain in effect until the forecaster determines that either the Red Flag Event will not develop -or- that the Watch should be upgraded to a Warning.

Special Weather Statement
(SPSAKQ)

Issued to highlight an increased fire danger (as long as it is coordinated with state forestry agencies); can be issued for conditions expected beyond the normal 6 hour SPS time constraint.

Fire Weather Outlook
(HWOAKQ)

Issued to highlight dry and breezy conditions (although avoid using the phrase 'Increased Fire Danger' which should be reserved for SPS issuances).

...TSUNAMI / EARTHQUAKE...

Earthquake Report
(EQRAKQ)

Issued when an earthquake occurs during the day and has been felt indoors and reported by many, outdoors by a few; issued for earthquakes that occur at night, awakening some; issued if dishes, windows, and/or doors are disturbed, walls creak, standing cars noticeably rock, etc.

Tsunami Warning
(TSUAT1/TSWAKQ/CEMAKQ)
TS.W

Issued by the Alaska Tsunami Warning Center (ATWC) if a strong earthquake (magnitude 7.0 or greater) occurs which may generate a potential tsunami (imminent or expected) with significant widespread inundation. WFOs in the tsunami warning area will issue via EAS either a Civil Emergency Message (CEM) or a Tsunami Warning message (TSW) on CRS. WFOs in the tsunami warning area will also issue a Special Weather Statement (SPS) every 30 minutes in order to provide timely updates while the tsunami warning is in effect.

Note: There is currently no tsunami formatter so issue/relay a warning through a CEM.

Tsunami Watch
(TSUAT1/TSAAKQ/CEMAKQ)
TS.A

Issued to alert emergency management officials and the public of an event which may later impact the watch area. The watch area may be upgraded to a warning or advisory - or canceled - based on updated information and analysis. Therefore, emergency management officials and the public should prepare to take action. Watches are normally issued based on seismic information without confirmation that a destructive tsunami is underway.

Note: There is currently no tsunami formatter so issue/relay a watch through a CEM.

Tsunami Advisory
(TSUAT1/CEMAKQ)
TS.Y

Issued due to the threat of a potential tsunami which may produce strong currents or waves dangerous to those in or near the water. Coastal regions historically prone to damage due to strong currents induced by tsunamis are at the greatest risk. The threat may continue for several hours after the arrival of the initial wave, but significant widespread inundation is not expected for areas under an advisory. Appropriate actions to be taken by local officials may include closing beaches, evacuating harbors and marinas, and the repositioning of ships to deep waters when there is time to safely do so. Advisories are normally updated to continue the advisory, expand/contract affected areas, upgrade to a warning, or cancel the advisory.

Note: There is currently no tsunami formatter so issue/relay an advisory through a CEM.

Tsunami Information Statement
(TIBAT1)

Issued to inform emergency management officials and the public that an earthquake has occurred, or that a tsunami warning, watch or advisory has been issued for another section of the ocean. In most cases, information statements are issued to indicate there is no threat of a destructive tsunami and to prevent unnecessary evacuations as the earthquake may have been felt in coastal areas. An information statement may, in appropriate situations, caution about the possibility of destructive local tsunamis. Information statements may be re-issued with additional information, though normally these messages are not updated. However, a watch, advisory or warning may be issued for the area, if necessary, after analysis and/or updated information becomes available.

Tsunami Message Acknowledgement
(TSUAT1/TMAAKQ)

Issued by the ATWC at least once a month to test the dissemination times of local WFOs.

...OTHER...

Special Weather Statement
(SPSAKQ)

Also issued to provide the public with information concerning ongoing or imminent (within the next 6 hours) weather hazards such as winter weather, non-precipitation (i.e. fog), etc. outlook information.

Short Term Forecast
(NOWAKQ)

Designed to give specific, detailed forecast information for the next 1 to 6 hours for a specified location. Both routine and near-severe information are contained in these forecasts which are normally issued during active weather periods.

Hazardous Weather Outlook
(HWOAKQ)

Issued to highlight possible hazardous/severe weather threats from days 1 through 7 associated with convective weather, winter weather, high winds, and/or marine hazards (including high surf and coastal flooding), etc. Weather threats that would be included are those that would be expected to reach the level that poses a threat to lives and/or property, and typically require the issuance of an additional outlook, watch, or warning (i.e. High Wind Outlook or Freeze Outlook, etc.). Advisories, or the potential thereof, are also mentioned in the HWO to communicate to the public that nuisance type weather can be expected which may be dangerous if caution is not taken. Also issued to highlight a moderate or high risk of rip currents.

Air Quality Alert
(AQAAKQ)
AQ.Y

Issued on a needed basis in conjunction with the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VADEQ), Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE), and North Carolina Division of Air Quality (DAQ), when the forecast air quality will be at code level orange or red.

Public Information Statement
(PNSAKQ)

Issued to inform the public of changes in service or technical changes; also issued to promote weather preparedness events; in addition, can be issued to summarize significant weather events (i.e. rainfall totals, tropical cyclone summaries, winter precipitation totals, etc.).

Local Storm Report
(LSRAKQ)

Used to distribute severe and/or significant weather reports to the media, emergency managers, and other NWS offices. It is issued as reports are received, and may also be issued as a collection of all reports received after an event is over. Delayed reports are also disseminated after an event is over.

Child Abduction Emergency
- Amber Alert
(CAEAKQ)

Issued to assist law enforcement agencies in the event of a child abduction.

Civil Emergency Message/Danger Warning
(CEMAKQ)

Issued in coordination with Federal, state or local government to warn the general public of a non-weather related, time-critical emergency which threatens life or property (i.e. nuclear accident, toxic chemical spill, etc.); Also issued to relay Tsunami Warnings, Watches, and Advisories.

Ashfall Advisory
(NPWAKQ)
AF.Y

Issued for the areas which are experiencing ash deposition or resuspension of ash by the wind.