1985

Bob formed on the 21st of July when reconnaissance aircraft found that a low pressure center has formed off the southwest Florida coast. The system moved slowly east and was upgraded a tropical storm late on the 22nd after an aircraft measured a wind speed of 43 mph. Bob moved onshore, as a tropical storm, across the southwest Florida coast between Naples and Fort Myers midday on the 23rd. After moving inland the stormed turned sharply to the north and the forward speed increased. Reconnaissance aircraft reported minimal hurricane force winds and Bob was upgraded to a hurricane prior to making landfall on the southern South Carolina coast near Beaufort late on the 24th. The highest sustained wind was 58 mph at Georgetown and the peak reported gust was 83 mph at Holden Beach, North Carolina. The maximum rainfall was 7.79 inches at Myrtle Beach.

Danny developed over the central Caribbean on the 12th of August and after moving into the Gulf of Mexico rapidly intensified into a hurricane on the 14th. Danny reached its maximum strength as it made landfall just southeast of Lake Charles, Louisiana midday on the 15th. The hurricane quickly weakened to a tropical storm as it moved inland across Louisiana and remained identifiable as a tropical depression as it moved across the Tennessee Valley and much of North Carolina before merging with a fontal system and becoming extratropical.

Gloria developed as a depression on the 16th of September near the Cape Verde Islands and maintained itself as a minimal tropical storm for the next several days as it moved west-northwest across the tropical Atlantic. After a reconnaissance flight measured winds of 78 mph on the 22nd, Gloria was upgraded to a hurricane. Gloria reached a minimum pressure of 919 mb during the evening of the 24th while about 930 miles southeast of Cape Hatteras. The 919 mb pressure represents the lowest pressure ever measured by reconniassance aircraft over the Atlantic Ocean through 1985. The center of Gloria crossed over the Outer Banks as a category three storm with a central pressure of 942 mb early on the 27th and weakened while accelerating northeast. The center passed just offshore of the mid-Atlantic states before moving onshore again over western Long Island, about 10 hours after the North Carolin landfall. Observers at the National Weather Service office in Cape Hatteras recorded a low pressure of 27.98 inches or 947.5 mb. The eight mile wide eye rolled directly over the weather station and the wind speed quickly dropped to 6 mph. As the southern edge of the eye moved over the station, the winds quickly returned to hurricane force within three minutes. The rapid changes in pressure that occurred with the passing of Gloria's eye caused headaches and "popping" ears in the Weather Service staff. The highest sustained wind reported in North Carolina from Gloria was 98 mph and the highest gust was 121 mph. Both were occurred at the Diamond Shoals Light tower, which is 16 miles east-southeast of Cape Hatteras. The highest rainfall total was 7.80 inches at Williamston.

Henri became a tropical depression during the evening of September 21st while located several hundred miles east of Jacksonville, FL. The depression moved north for the next several days and was upgraded to a tropical storm early on the 23rd after a reconnaissance flight reported a pressure drop of 10 mb in just over four hours. Henri passed about 90 miles east of Cape Hatteras before making landfall on the eastern tip of Long Island, New York on the 24th.

Isabel formed as a tropical depression on October 7th near Hispaniola. As the system drifted north is reached tropical storm strength later in the day on the 7th. By the 8th, the system reached its maximum strength with winds of 70 mph and a minimum pressure of 997 mb. The storm turned to the west-northwest and weakened before making landfall as a depression near the Florida/Georgia border. The system moved north and then northeast, moving off the coast near Savannah and continued to move northeast off the Carolina coasts before dissipating well east of Cape Hatteras on the 15th.

Kate began to develop northeast of the Virgin Island on the 13th and 14th of November. By the time reconnaissance aircraft investigated the area on the 15th, the system had already attained tropical storm force winds. Kate intensified to hurricane strength on the 16th and moved through the southeast Bahamas on the 18th. By the 19th, the center of the storm passed across northern Cuba before moving back over the open waters of the Gulf of Mexico. There the storm reached its peak strength with a pressure of 953 mb and winds of 120 mph. Kate moved inland at Mexico Beach, Florida on the 21st as a category two storm with winds of 100 mph. Kate weakened as it moved across Georgia and the moved across South Carolina and southeast North Carolina as a tropical storm before emerging back into the Atlantic Ocean on the 21st near Wilmington. The highest sustained wind in the Carolinas was 38 mph at the weather service office in Charleston and the highest peak gust was 119 mph at Edisto Beach. The highest rainfall total was 1.99 inches at the weather service office in Wilmington.

 

Bob

Danny

Gloria

Henri

Isabel

Kate

 

Back to the Past Tropical Systems page.