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    EF4 Tornado Damage - Xenia, Ohio


    Photographer's description: A tornado cut a path across much of Xenia on September 20, 2000.  The tornado moved through this residential neighborhood northwest of downtown Xenia, heavily damaging many homes.  These homes suffered the worst damage.

    Photographer Tom Johnstone, formerly NWS Wilmington, OH
    Date taken September 21, 2000
    Location Xenia, Ohio (Greene County)     map
    Event Tornado damage

    Additional notes
    Intense, small-scale circulations within tornadoes can cause significant damage on a very small scale.  This is why one home can be destroyed while neighboring houses are left virtually untouched, as shown here.  In this case, the three homes which were destroyed in this photo exhibit at least  EF3 damage, with almost all but the interior walls left standing.  This suggests winds between 140 and 165 mph.  The house on the left has no walls left standing at all, which suggests winds briefly reached up to 180 mph when the tornado hit this home.  Damage on this scale ranks as strong EF3 or weak EF4 , and resulted in this tornado being classified as an F4 on the old Fujita Scale.

    Related NWS Product: Tornado Warning

    Safety Note: When a basement is unavailable, it is important to move to a small center room on the lowest floor without windows.  Closets and interior bathrooms work great.  As shown here, tornadoes up to EF-3 and low-end EF-4 strength will often leave small interior rooms of well-built homes standing.

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