WHAT TO DO WHEN HEAT WAVES STRIKE
Your Intake of Non-Alcoholic, Non-Carbonated, Caffeine Free Beverages Such
as Water and Juice.
Wear Clothing That is
Light in Color and Loose Fitting.
Avoid The Outdoors During
Extreme Heat. Stay Out of the Sun.
Stay in an Air-Conditioned
Environment if Possible. Shopping Malls Offer Relief if Your Home is not
Check On The Elderly. They
are Especially Susceptible to Heat Related Illness.
Activity Such as Running, Biking and Lawn Care Work When it Heats Up.
Eat Less Foods That
Increase Metabolic Activity/Heat. Proteins are an Example. Increased
Metabolic Heat Increases Water Loss.
ILLNESSES AND THEIR SYMPTOMS
Redness and pain in the skin. In severe cases there is also swelling,
blisters, fever, and headaches.
HEAT CRAMPS - Heavy
sweating and painful spasms usually in the leg or abdomen muscles.
HEAT EXHAUSTION - The
person becomes weak and is sweating heavily. The skin is cold, pale and
clammy. The pulse becomes thready. Fainting and vomiting accompanies heat
High body temperature (106 degrees or higher) along with hot dry skin and a
rapid and strong pulse. Unconsciousness is possible
This is the opposite of
"wind chill". The Heat Index combines the effects of heat and
humidity. Warm temperatures feel even warmer when it is humid.
VALUES AND THEIR EFFECTS...ESPECIALLY FOR PEOPLE AT HIGHER RISK...
The Heat Index Chart
80 to 90 degrees - Fatigue
possible with prolonged exposure and/or physical activity.
90 to 105 degrees -
Sunstroke, heat cramps, and heat exhaustion possible with prolonged exposure
and or physical activity.
105 to 130 degrees -
Sunstroke, heat cramps or heat exhaustion likely, and heatstroke possible
with prolonged exposure and/or physical activity.
130 degrees and higher
- Heatstroke/sunstroke highly likely with continued exposure.